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Third molar periodontal pathology and caries in senior adults.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007 Jan; 65(1):103-8.JO

Abstract

PURPOSE

This study was designed to assess the prevalence at enrollment and incidence over 36 months of periodontal pathology and caries affecting third molars in a community-based study of people over the age of 65 years in North Carolina.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS

A sub-sample of 818 subjects with dental examinations taken from the Piedmont 65+ Study was available for analysis. All visible teeth were examined. Periodontal probing (PD) measures were taken at 2 sites, mesiobuccal and buccal/facial. Clinical data on caries experience were collected by visual-tactile examination. At enrollment, 342 subjects had at least 1 visible third molar that could be examined. PD measures were available for 276 of these same subjects. The significance of comparisons between third molars and nonthird molars were determined by chi(2) tests and the statistical significance was set at .05.

RESULTS

Most of the 342 subjects with at least 1 visible third molar were female (57%) or African American (63%). Mean age was 73 years (SD 5.5 years). Of the 197 subjects with caries experience, third molars were affected in 49% of subjects, less than the 87% in nonthird molars. Third molar caries experience was associated with caries experience on nonthird molar teeth (P < .01). Clinical attachment level (CAL) greater than 3 mm was detected at enrollment in third molars in 68% of subjects, and in nonthird molars in 96%. With one exception, CAL greater than 3 mm in third molars was associated with CAL greater than 3 mm elsewhere in the mouth. Few subjects (17%) had clinical evidence of both caries and periodontal pathology affecting third molars. In this older population of individuals with third molars, 21% were free of periodontal pathology or caries experience.

CONCLUSIONS

Data on the prevalence of third molar periodontal pathology and third molar caries experience in an elderly population should be useful to both clinicians and their younger patients when considering the merits of retaining or removing third molars with no evidence of pathology.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dental Ecology, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17174772

Citation

Moss, Kevin L., et al. "Third Molar Periodontal Pathology and Caries in Senior Adults." Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery : Official Journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, vol. 65, no. 1, 2007, pp. 103-8.
Moss KL, Beck JD, Mauriello SM, et al. Third molar periodontal pathology and caries in senior adults. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;65(1):103-8.
Moss, K. L., Beck, J. D., Mauriello, S. M., Offenbacher, S., & White, R. P. (2007). Third molar periodontal pathology and caries in senior adults. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery : Official Journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, 65(1), 103-8.
Moss KL, et al. Third Molar Periodontal Pathology and Caries in Senior Adults. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;65(1):103-8. PubMed PMID: 17174772.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Third molar periodontal pathology and caries in senior adults. AU - Moss,Kevin L, AU - Beck,James D, AU - Mauriello,Sally M, AU - Offenbacher,Steven, AU - White,Raymond P,Jr PY - 2005/08/10/received PY - 2005/10/08/revised PY - 2005/10/21/accepted PY - 2006/12/19/pubmed PY - 2007/2/27/medline PY - 2006/12/19/entrez SP - 103 EP - 8 JF - Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons JO - J Oral Maxillofac Surg VL - 65 IS - 1 N2 - PURPOSE: This study was designed to assess the prevalence at enrollment and incidence over 36 months of periodontal pathology and caries affecting third molars in a community-based study of people over the age of 65 years in North Carolina. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A sub-sample of 818 subjects with dental examinations taken from the Piedmont 65+ Study was available for analysis. All visible teeth were examined. Periodontal probing (PD) measures were taken at 2 sites, mesiobuccal and buccal/facial. Clinical data on caries experience were collected by visual-tactile examination. At enrollment, 342 subjects had at least 1 visible third molar that could be examined. PD measures were available for 276 of these same subjects. The significance of comparisons between third molars and nonthird molars were determined by chi(2) tests and the statistical significance was set at .05. RESULTS: Most of the 342 subjects with at least 1 visible third molar were female (57%) or African American (63%). Mean age was 73 years (SD 5.5 years). Of the 197 subjects with caries experience, third molars were affected in 49% of subjects, less than the 87% in nonthird molars. Third molar caries experience was associated with caries experience on nonthird molar teeth (P < .01). Clinical attachment level (CAL) greater than 3 mm was detected at enrollment in third molars in 68% of subjects, and in nonthird molars in 96%. With one exception, CAL greater than 3 mm in third molars was associated with CAL greater than 3 mm elsewhere in the mouth. Few subjects (17%) had clinical evidence of both caries and periodontal pathology affecting third molars. In this older population of individuals with third molars, 21% were free of periodontal pathology or caries experience. CONCLUSIONS: Data on the prevalence of third molar periodontal pathology and third molar caries experience in an elderly population should be useful to both clinicians and their younger patients when considering the merits of retaining or removing third molars with no evidence of pathology. SN - 0278-2391 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17174772/Third_molar_periodontal_pathology_and_caries_in_senior_adults_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0278-2391(06)01229-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -