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[Outbreaks of human rabies transmitted by vampire bats in Alto Baudó and Bajo Baudó municipalities, department of chocó, Colombia, 2004-2005].
Biomedica. 2006 Sep; 26(3):387-96.B

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

During months May to July 2004, a rabies outbreak in the Embera community of Birrinchao, in the Purricha river basin department of Choc6 was reported with 14 human deaths. Another rabies outbreak was reported in January 2005 in the black communities of Pató and Nauca in the neighboring municipality of Alto Baudó with 3 human deaths.

OBJECTIVES

To describe the largest outbreaks of human rabies transmitted by vampire bats reported in Colombia to date. To describe the diagnostic laboratory techniques used, and the activities undertaken for the control of rabies in the area. To discuss the epidemiologic significance and public health implications of these rabies outbreaks.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Rabies diagnosis was achieved by direct immunofluorescence, inoculation of mice and immunohistochemistry. Typing of the virus was achieved by indirect immunofluorescence using monoclonal antibodies. Rabies control activities were undertaken in Bajo Baudó consisting in a population census, human vaccination and application of antirabies sera, vaccination of dogs and cats, and application of anticoagulant to bats.

RESULTS

Four human cases were confirmed as positive for rabies in both rabies outbreaks. Another 13 rabies cases in humans were inferred by strong epidemiological links. Rabies antigenic variant 3 was identified in the samples studied. Rabies control activities were conducted for a human rabies outbreak caused by vampire bats.

CONCLUSIONS

The human rabies outbreak in Bajo Baudó has been the largest reported in Colombia. It was caused by vampire bats, showing that these animals are a threat for human health. The implementation of control strategies for this kind of epizootic outbreaks is needed in South America. It remains unknown whether there is a link between this outbreak and one reported 6 months later in the neighboring municipality of Alto Baudó.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Subdirección de Vigilancia y Control en Salud Pública, Instituto Nacional de Salud, Bogotá D.C., Colombia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

spa

PubMed ID

17176002

Citation

Valderrama, Jessika, et al. "[Outbreaks of Human Rabies Transmitted By Vampire Bats in Alto Baudó and Bajo Baudó Municipalities, Department of Chocó, Colombia, 2004-2005]." Biomedica : Revista Del Instituto Nacional De Salud, vol. 26, no. 3, 2006, pp. 387-96.
Valderrama J, García I, Figueroa G, et al. [Outbreaks of human rabies transmitted by vampire bats in Alto Baudó and Bajo Baudó municipalities, department of chocó, Colombia, 2004-2005]. Biomedica. 2006;26(3):387-96.
Valderrama, J., García, I., Figueroa, G., Rico, E., Sanabria, J., Rocha, N., Parra, E., Saad, C., & Páez, A. (2006). [Outbreaks of human rabies transmitted by vampire bats in Alto Baudó and Bajo Baudó municipalities, department of chocó, Colombia, 2004-2005]. Biomedica : Revista Del Instituto Nacional De Salud, 26(3), 387-96.
Valderrama J, et al. [Outbreaks of Human Rabies Transmitted By Vampire Bats in Alto Baudó and Bajo Baudó Municipalities, Department of Chocó, Colombia, 2004-2005]. Biomedica. 2006;26(3):387-96. PubMed PMID: 17176002.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Outbreaks of human rabies transmitted by vampire bats in Alto Baudó and Bajo Baudó municipalities, department of chocó, Colombia, 2004-2005]. AU - Valderrama,Jessika, AU - García,Ingrid, AU - Figueroa,Germán, AU - Rico,Edilberto, AU - Sanabria,Juliana, AU - Rocha,Nicolás, AU - Parra,Edgar, AU - Saad,Cecilia, AU - Páez,Andrés, PY - 2006/12/21/pubmed PY - 2007/5/2/medline PY - 2006/12/21/entrez SP - 387 EP - 96 JF - Biomedica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud JO - Biomedica VL - 26 IS - 3 N2 - INTRODUCTION: During months May to July 2004, a rabies outbreak in the Embera community of Birrinchao, in the Purricha river basin department of Choc6 was reported with 14 human deaths. Another rabies outbreak was reported in January 2005 in the black communities of Pató and Nauca in the neighboring municipality of Alto Baudó with 3 human deaths. OBJECTIVES: To describe the largest outbreaks of human rabies transmitted by vampire bats reported in Colombia to date. To describe the diagnostic laboratory techniques used, and the activities undertaken for the control of rabies in the area. To discuss the epidemiologic significance and public health implications of these rabies outbreaks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rabies diagnosis was achieved by direct immunofluorescence, inoculation of mice and immunohistochemistry. Typing of the virus was achieved by indirect immunofluorescence using monoclonal antibodies. Rabies control activities were undertaken in Bajo Baudó consisting in a population census, human vaccination and application of antirabies sera, vaccination of dogs and cats, and application of anticoagulant to bats. RESULTS: Four human cases were confirmed as positive for rabies in both rabies outbreaks. Another 13 rabies cases in humans were inferred by strong epidemiological links. Rabies antigenic variant 3 was identified in the samples studied. Rabies control activities were conducted for a human rabies outbreak caused by vampire bats. CONCLUSIONS: The human rabies outbreak in Bajo Baudó has been the largest reported in Colombia. It was caused by vampire bats, showing that these animals are a threat for human health. The implementation of control strategies for this kind of epizootic outbreaks is needed in South America. It remains unknown whether there is a link between this outbreak and one reported 6 months later in the neighboring municipality of Alto Baudó. SN - 0120-4157 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17176002/[Outbreaks_of_human_rabies_transmitted_by_vampire_bats_in_Alto_Baudó_and_Bajo_Baudó_municipalities_department_of_chocó_Colombia_2004_2005]_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/6131 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -