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Regulation of Schizosaccharomyces pombe Atf1 protein levels by Sty1-mediated phosphorylation and heterodimerization with Pcr1.
J Biol Chem. 2007 Feb 23; 282(8):5160-70.JB

Abstract

The Atf1 transcription factor plays a vital role in the ability of Schizosaccharomyces pombe cells to respond to various stress conditions. It regulates the expression of many genes in a stress-dependent manner, and its function is dependent upon the stress-activated MAPK, Sty1/Spc1. Moreover, Atf1 is directly phosphorylated by Sty1. Here we have investigated the role of such phosphorylation. Atf1 protein accumulates following stress, and this accumulation is lost in a strain defective in the Sty1 signaling pathway. In addition, accumulation of a mutant Atf1 protein that can no longer be phosphorylated is lost. Measurement of the half-life of Atf1 demonstrates that changes in Atf1 stability are responsible for this accumulation. Atf1 stability is also regulated by its heterodimeric partner, Pcr1. Similarly, Pcr1 levels are regulated by Atf1. Thus multiple pathways exist that ensure that Atf1 levels are appropriately regulated. Phosphorylation of Atf1 is important for cells to mount a robust response to H(2)O(2) stress, because the Atf1 phospho-mutant displays sensitivity to this stress, and induction of gene expression is lower than that observed in wild-type cells. Surprisingly, however, loss of Atf1 phosphorylation does not lead to the complete loss of stress-activated expression of Atf1 target genes. Accordingly, the Atf1 phospho-mutant does not display the same overall stress sensitivities as the atf1 deletion mutant. Taken together, these data suggest that Sty1 phosphorylation of Atf1 is not required for activation of Atf1 per se but rather for modulating its stability.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cancer Research UK Cell Regulation Laboratory, Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, University of Manchester, Wilmslow Road, Manchester M20 4BX, United Kingdom.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17182615

Citation

Lawrence, Clare L., et al. "Regulation of Schizosaccharomyces Pombe Atf1 Protein Levels By Sty1-mediated Phosphorylation and Heterodimerization With Pcr1." The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 282, no. 8, 2007, pp. 5160-70.
Lawrence CL, Maekawa H, Worthington JL, et al. Regulation of Schizosaccharomyces pombe Atf1 protein levels by Sty1-mediated phosphorylation and heterodimerization with Pcr1. J Biol Chem. 2007;282(8):5160-70.
Lawrence, C. L., Maekawa, H., Worthington, J. L., Reiter, W., Wilkinson, C. R., & Jones, N. (2007). Regulation of Schizosaccharomyces pombe Atf1 protein levels by Sty1-mediated phosphorylation and heterodimerization with Pcr1. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 282(8), 5160-70.
Lawrence CL, et al. Regulation of Schizosaccharomyces Pombe Atf1 Protein Levels By Sty1-mediated Phosphorylation and Heterodimerization With Pcr1. J Biol Chem. 2007 Feb 23;282(8):5160-70. PubMed PMID: 17182615.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Regulation of Schizosaccharomyces pombe Atf1 protein levels by Sty1-mediated phosphorylation and heterodimerization with Pcr1. AU - Lawrence,Clare L, AU - Maekawa,Hiromi, AU - Worthington,Jessica L, AU - Reiter,Wolfgang, AU - Wilkinson,Caroline R M, AU - Jones,Nic, Y1 - 2006/12/20/ PY - 2006/12/22/pubmed PY - 2007/4/18/medline PY - 2006/12/22/entrez SP - 5160 EP - 70 JF - The Journal of biological chemistry JO - J Biol Chem VL - 282 IS - 8 N2 - The Atf1 transcription factor plays a vital role in the ability of Schizosaccharomyces pombe cells to respond to various stress conditions. It regulates the expression of many genes in a stress-dependent manner, and its function is dependent upon the stress-activated MAPK, Sty1/Spc1. Moreover, Atf1 is directly phosphorylated by Sty1. Here we have investigated the role of such phosphorylation. Atf1 protein accumulates following stress, and this accumulation is lost in a strain defective in the Sty1 signaling pathway. In addition, accumulation of a mutant Atf1 protein that can no longer be phosphorylated is lost. Measurement of the half-life of Atf1 demonstrates that changes in Atf1 stability are responsible for this accumulation. Atf1 stability is also regulated by its heterodimeric partner, Pcr1. Similarly, Pcr1 levels are regulated by Atf1. Thus multiple pathways exist that ensure that Atf1 levels are appropriately regulated. Phosphorylation of Atf1 is important for cells to mount a robust response to H(2)O(2) stress, because the Atf1 phospho-mutant displays sensitivity to this stress, and induction of gene expression is lower than that observed in wild-type cells. Surprisingly, however, loss of Atf1 phosphorylation does not lead to the complete loss of stress-activated expression of Atf1 target genes. Accordingly, the Atf1 phospho-mutant does not display the same overall stress sensitivities as the atf1 deletion mutant. Taken together, these data suggest that Sty1 phosphorylation of Atf1 is not required for activation of Atf1 per se but rather for modulating its stability. SN - 0021-9258 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17182615/Regulation_of_Schizosaccharomyces_pombe_Atf1_protein_levels_by_Sty1_mediated_phosphorylation_and_heterodimerization_with_Pcr1_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0021-9258(20)68809-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -