Barley cultivar discrimination: II. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and isoelectric focusing with immobilized pH gradients.Electrophoresis. 1991 May; 12(5):330-7.E
Isoelectric focusing performed with immobilized pH gradients was found superior to other commonly used electrophoretic methods for discrimination of 55 European winter and spring barley cultivars. Hordeins, the alcohol-soluble proteins, yielded 32 different patterns, allowing identification of 22 cultivars and classification of the remaining ones into ten groups of two to eight cultivars each. Only 21 different hordein patterns were observed using horizontal sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, followed by silver staining. Twelve cultivars exhibited unique hordein patterns, the remaining nine groups contained 2-11 cultivars. Resolution of isoelectric focusing with immobilized pH gradients was further enhanced in some cases when the patterns of urea/dithiothreitol-soluble proteins were used instead of the hordein patterns. However, evaluation was more complicated because of the larger number of protein bands detected.