Population pharmacokinetic-based dosing of intravenous busulfan in pediatric patients.J Clin Pharmacol. 2007 Jan; 47(1):101-11.JC
The objective of this study was to characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) of intravenous busulfan in pediatric patients and provide dosing recommendations. Twenty-four pediatric patients were treated with intravenous busulfan, 1.0 or 0.8 mg/kg for ages < or = 4 years or > 4 years, respectively, 4 times a day for 4 days. Dense PK sampling was performed. Body weight, age, gender, and body surface area were explored for effects on PK, and Monte Carlo simulations were performed to assess different dosing regimens. The PK of intravenous busulfan was described by a 1-compartment model with clearance of 4.04 L/h/20 kg and volume of distribution of 12.8 L/20 kg. Simulations indicated that the mg/kg and mg/m2 regimens were similar and achieved the desired target exposure in approximately 60% of patients. This model suggests that patients < or = 12 kg should be dosed at 1.1 mg/kg and those > 12 kg dosed at 0.8 mg/kg. Therapeutic drug monitoring and dose adjustment will further improve therapeutic targeting.