Iridoid glucosides and flavones from the aerial parts of Avicennia marina.Chem Biodivers. 2006 Jul; 3(7):799-806.CB
Two new iridoid glucosides, namely, 2'-O-[(2E,4E)-5-phenylpenta-2,4-dienoyl]mussaenosidic acid (1; mussaenosidic acid = [1S-(1alpha,4aalpha,7alpha,7aalpha)]-1-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-1,4a,5,6,7,7a-hexahydro-7-hydroxy-7-methylcyclopenta[c]pyran-4-carboxylic acid) and 2'-O-(4-methoxycinnamoyl)mussaenosidic acid (2), were isolated from the aerial parts of the mangrove plant Avicennia marina. Beside that, one known iridoid glucoside, 2'-O-coumaroylmussaenosidic acid (3) and four known flavones (flavone = 2-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one) including 4',5-dihydroxy-3',7-dimethoxyflavone (4), 4',5-dihydroxy-3',5',7-trimethoxyflavone (5), 4',5,7-trihydroxyflavone (6), and 3',4',5-trihydroxy-7-methoxyflavone (7) were also isolated and identified. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by NMR spectroscopy and by low- and high-resolution mass spectrometry. The chemotaxonomic significance of these findings was discussed. In addition, each isolated compound was evaluated for the ability of alpha,alpha-diphenyl-beta-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging activity.