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Emissions of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans from various industrial sources.
J Air Waste Manag Assoc. 2006 Dec; 56(12):1707-15.JA

Abstract

This study characterized the emissions of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) from the stack flue gases of 17 industrial sources, which were classified into 10 categories. The results show that the mean PCDD/PCDF concentration of secondary zinc smelter (Zn-S) and secondary copper smelter (Cu-S) is 2.44 ng international toxic equivalent (I-TEQ)/Nm3 (N represents normal conditions at 0 degrees C, 760 mmHg), which was found to be significantly greater than that of industrial waste incinerators (mean concentration = 0.15 ng I-TEQ/Nm3). These results imply that the controlling of secondary metallurgical melting processes is more important than industrial waste incineration for the reduction of PCDD/PCDF emissions. The mean emission factors of cement production, Zn-S and Cu-S, are 0.052, 1.99, and 1.73 microg I-TEQ/t product, respectively. For industrial waste incineration, the mean emission factors of waste rubber, waste liquor, waste sludge, industrial waste solid (IWI)-1, IWI-2, IWI-3, and IWI-4 are 0.752, 0.435, 0.760, 6.64, 1.67, 2.38, and 0.094 microg I-TEQ/t feed, respectively. Most of the PCDD/PCDF emission factors established in this study are less than those reported in previous studies, which could be because of the more stringent regulations for PCDD/PCDF emissions in recent years.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Environmental Engineering, Sustainable Environment Research Center, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, Republic of China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17195489

Citation

Lin, Long-Full, et al. "Emissions of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzofurans From Various Industrial Sources." Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995), vol. 56, no. 12, 2006, pp. 1707-15.
Lin LF, Lee WJ, Chang-Chien GP. Emissions of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans from various industrial sources. J Air Waste Manag Assoc. 2006;56(12):1707-15.
Lin, L. F., Lee, W. J., & Chang-Chien, G. P. (2006). Emissions of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans from various industrial sources. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995), 56(12), 1707-15.
Lin LF, Lee WJ, Chang-Chien GP. Emissions of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzofurans From Various Industrial Sources. J Air Waste Manag Assoc. 2006;56(12):1707-15. PubMed PMID: 17195489.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Emissions of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans from various industrial sources. AU - Lin,Long-Full, AU - Lee,Wen-Jhy, AU - Chang-Chien,Guo-Ping, PY - 2007/1/2/pubmed PY - 2007/3/3/medline PY - 2007/1/2/entrez SP - 1707 EP - 15 JF - Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995) JO - J Air Waste Manag Assoc VL - 56 IS - 12 N2 - This study characterized the emissions of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) from the stack flue gases of 17 industrial sources, which were classified into 10 categories. The results show that the mean PCDD/PCDF concentration of secondary zinc smelter (Zn-S) and secondary copper smelter (Cu-S) is 2.44 ng international toxic equivalent (I-TEQ)/Nm3 (N represents normal conditions at 0 degrees C, 760 mmHg), which was found to be significantly greater than that of industrial waste incinerators (mean concentration = 0.15 ng I-TEQ/Nm3). These results imply that the controlling of secondary metallurgical melting processes is more important than industrial waste incineration for the reduction of PCDD/PCDF emissions. The mean emission factors of cement production, Zn-S and Cu-S, are 0.052, 1.99, and 1.73 microg I-TEQ/t product, respectively. For industrial waste incineration, the mean emission factors of waste rubber, waste liquor, waste sludge, industrial waste solid (IWI)-1, IWI-2, IWI-3, and IWI-4 are 0.752, 0.435, 0.760, 6.64, 1.67, 2.38, and 0.094 microg I-TEQ/t feed, respectively. Most of the PCDD/PCDF emission factors established in this study are less than those reported in previous studies, which could be because of the more stringent regulations for PCDD/PCDF emissions in recent years. SN - 1096-2247 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17195489/Emissions_of_polychlorinated_dibenzo_p_dioxins_and_dibenzofurans_from_various_industrial_sources_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -