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Obesity increases metabolic syndrome risk factors in school-aged children from an urban school in Mexico city.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2007 Jan; 107(1):81-91.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To characterize the nutritional status of school-aged children from an urban public school in Mexico City, Mexico, and to assess the influence of obesity on health status in a subgroup of these children.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional descriptive study. A nutrition screening was done for all children, including anthropometric (ie, weight, height, and waist circumference) and blood pressure assessment. In the subgroup of children, complementary dietary and biochemical assessment (ie, glucose, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, insulin, albumin, hemoglobin, and hematocrit levels) was done.

SUBJECTS

Children from an urban school in Mexico City (N=561) aged 6 to 13 years. The representative subgroup (n=88) was selected based on age (9 to 12 years) and weight status (ie, normal, overweight, or obese).

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS

Descriptive statistics, correlations, mean differences tests (analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U), and chi(2) tests (categorical variables) were done with SPSS version 13 (2005, SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL).

RESULTS

In the whole school, overweight and obesity prevalence were 27.1% and 21.4%, respectively. High systolic blood pressure was seen in 8.4% of children and 6.2% of children had prehypertension. Higher hypertension risk was seen in children with body mass index > or =95th percentile and waist circumference > or =90th percentile (88 cm). Significantly higher waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, insulin resistance indexes, and triglyceride levels were found among the obese when compared with normal-weight children.

CONCLUSIONS

Childhood obesity prevalence is high in Mexico and it is having an influence on children's health. It is urgent to design, implement, and evaluate specific childhood obesity prevention programs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Instituto Nacional de Perinatología Isidro Espinosa de los Reyes, Mexico City, Mexico. otilia.perichart@uia.mxNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17197275

Citation

Perichart-Perera, Otilia, et al. "Obesity Increases Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors in School-aged Children From an Urban School in Mexico City." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 107, no. 1, 2007, pp. 81-91.
Perichart-Perera O, Balas-Nakash M, Schiffman-Selechnik E, et al. Obesity increases metabolic syndrome risk factors in school-aged children from an urban school in Mexico city. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107(1):81-91.
Perichart-Perera, O., Balas-Nakash, M., Schiffman-Selechnik, E., Barbato-Dosal, A., & Vadillo-Ortega, F. (2007). Obesity increases metabolic syndrome risk factors in school-aged children from an urban school in Mexico city. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 107(1), 81-91.
Perichart-Perera O, et al. Obesity Increases Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors in School-aged Children From an Urban School in Mexico City. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107(1):81-91. PubMed PMID: 17197275.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Obesity increases metabolic syndrome risk factors in school-aged children from an urban school in Mexico city. AU - Perichart-Perera,Otilia, AU - Balas-Nakash,Margie, AU - Schiffman-Selechnik,Esther, AU - Barbato-Dosal,Annarella, AU - Vadillo-Ortega,Felipe, PY - 2006/03/14/received PY - 2007/1/2/pubmed PY - 2007/2/16/medline PY - 2007/1/2/entrez SP - 81 EP - 91 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 107 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To characterize the nutritional status of school-aged children from an urban public school in Mexico City, Mexico, and to assess the influence of obesity on health status in a subgroup of these children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. A nutrition screening was done for all children, including anthropometric (ie, weight, height, and waist circumference) and blood pressure assessment. In the subgroup of children, complementary dietary and biochemical assessment (ie, glucose, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, insulin, albumin, hemoglobin, and hematocrit levels) was done. SUBJECTS: Children from an urban school in Mexico City (N=561) aged 6 to 13 years. The representative subgroup (n=88) was selected based on age (9 to 12 years) and weight status (ie, normal, overweight, or obese). STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Descriptive statistics, correlations, mean differences tests (analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U), and chi(2) tests (categorical variables) were done with SPSS version 13 (2005, SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL). RESULTS: In the whole school, overweight and obesity prevalence were 27.1% and 21.4%, respectively. High systolic blood pressure was seen in 8.4% of children and 6.2% of children had prehypertension. Higher hypertension risk was seen in children with body mass index > or =95th percentile and waist circumference > or =90th percentile (88 cm). Significantly higher waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, insulin resistance indexes, and triglyceride levels were found among the obese when compared with normal-weight children. CONCLUSIONS: Childhood obesity prevalence is high in Mexico and it is having an influence on children's health. It is urgent to design, implement, and evaluate specific childhood obesity prevention programs. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17197275/Obesity_increases_metabolic_syndrome_risk_factors_in_school_aged_children_from_an_urban_school_in_Mexico_city_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(06)02281-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -