Phospholipid and triacylglycerol fatty acid content and pattern in the cardiac endothelium of rats depleted in long-chain polyunsaturated omega 3 fatty acids.Cell Biochem Funct. 2008 Jan-Feb; 26(1):33-8.CB
Rats depleted in long-chain polyunsaturated omega3 fatty acids (omega3-depleted rats) display several features of the metabolic syndrome including hypertension and cardiac hypertrophy. This coincides with alteration of the cardiac muscle phospholipid and triacylglycerol fatty acid content and/or pattern. In the present study, the latter variables were measured in the cardiac endothelium of normal and omega3-depleted rats. Samples derived from four rats each were obtained from 16 female normal fed rats and three groups of 36-40 female fed omega3-depleted rats each aged 8-9, 15-16 and 22-23 weeks. At comparable mean age, the ratio between the square root of the total fatty acid content of phospholipids and cubic root of the total fatty acid content of triacylglycerols was lower in omega3-depleted rats than in control animals. The total fatty acid content of triacylglycerols was inversely related to their relative content in C20:4omega6. Other differences between omega3-depleted rats and control animals consisted in a lower content of long-chain polyunsaturated omega3 fatty acids in both phospholipids and triacylglycerols, higher content of long-chain polyunsaturated omega6 fatty acids in phospholipids, higher activity of delta9-desaturase (C16:0/C16:1omega7 and C18:0/C18:1omega9 ratios) and elongase [(C16:0 + C16:1omega7)/(C18:0 + C18:1omega9) and C20:4omega6/C22:4omega6 ratios], but impaired generation of C22:6omega3 from C22:5omega3 in the former rats. These findings support the view that cardiovascular perturbations previously documented in the omega3-depleted rats may involve impaired heart endothelial function.