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Prevalence and trends of metabolic syndrome in Korea: Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 1998-2001.
Diabetes Obes Metab. 2007 Jan; 9(1):50-8.DO

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a major international health problem. Limited information is available about the prevalence of MetS in Asia, especially in Korea.

OBJECTIVE

To examine the prevalence and trends of MetS in a Korean population. In addition, we investigated the risk factors associated with MetS.

DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS

A total of 7445 participants aged >/=20 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey (KNHNS) 1998 and 5964 participants from the KNHNS 2001 were included in this analysis. The KNHNS is a cross-sectional health survey of a nationally representative sample of the Korean population. The prevalence of MetS was determined using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria and the Asia-Pacific criteria for obesity based on waist circumference (APC-WC).

RESULTS

Using the ATP III criteria, the age-adjusted prevalence of MetS among Korean adults was 15.7% (13.7% male, 17.8% female) in 1998 and 14.4% (13.0% male, 16.2% female) in 2001. Using the APC-WC criteria, the prevalence was 21.6% (19.4% male, 23.9% female) in 1998 and 21.4% (20.1% male, 23.4% female) in 2001. Of the five MetS components, increasing trends were found between 1998 and 2001 in the prevalence of hypertriglyceridaemia, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and central obesity for both men and women. Age, sex, body mass index and a family history of diabetes were associated with MetS.

CONCLUSIONS

These results from a representative sample show that MetS is common in Korean adults. A systemic public health programme is required to prevent future increases in diabetes and cardiovascular complications.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Family Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17199718

Citation

Park, H S., et al. "Prevalence and Trends of Metabolic Syndrome in Korea: Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 1998-2001." Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism, vol. 9, no. 1, 2007, pp. 50-8.
Park HS, Kim SM, Lee JS, et al. Prevalence and trends of metabolic syndrome in Korea: Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 1998-2001. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2007;9(1):50-8.
Park, H. S., Kim, S. M., Lee, J. S., Lee, J., Han, J. H., Yoon, D. K., Baik, S. H., Choi, D. S., & Choi, K. M. (2007). Prevalence and trends of metabolic syndrome in Korea: Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 1998-2001. Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism, 9(1), 50-8.
Park HS, et al. Prevalence and Trends of Metabolic Syndrome in Korea: Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 1998-2001. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2007;9(1):50-8. PubMed PMID: 17199718.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and trends of metabolic syndrome in Korea: Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 1998-2001. AU - Park,H S, AU - Kim,S M, AU - Lee,J S, AU - Lee,J, AU - Han,J H, AU - Yoon,D K, AU - Baik,S H, AU - Choi,D S, AU - Choi,K M, PY - 2007/1/4/pubmed PY - 2007/4/18/medline PY - 2007/1/4/entrez SP - 50 EP - 8 JF - Diabetes, obesity & metabolism JO - Diabetes Obes Metab VL - 9 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a major international health problem. Limited information is available about the prevalence of MetS in Asia, especially in Korea. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and trends of MetS in a Korean population. In addition, we investigated the risk factors associated with MetS. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 7445 participants aged >/=20 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey (KNHNS) 1998 and 5964 participants from the KNHNS 2001 were included in this analysis. The KNHNS is a cross-sectional health survey of a nationally representative sample of the Korean population. The prevalence of MetS was determined using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria and the Asia-Pacific criteria for obesity based on waist circumference (APC-WC). RESULTS: Using the ATP III criteria, the age-adjusted prevalence of MetS among Korean adults was 15.7% (13.7% male, 17.8% female) in 1998 and 14.4% (13.0% male, 16.2% female) in 2001. Using the APC-WC criteria, the prevalence was 21.6% (19.4% male, 23.9% female) in 1998 and 21.4% (20.1% male, 23.4% female) in 2001. Of the five MetS components, increasing trends were found between 1998 and 2001 in the prevalence of hypertriglyceridaemia, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and central obesity for both men and women. Age, sex, body mass index and a family history of diabetes were associated with MetS. CONCLUSIONS: These results from a representative sample show that MetS is common in Korean adults. A systemic public health programme is required to prevent future increases in diabetes and cardiovascular complications. SN - 1462-8902 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17199718/Prevalence_and_trends_of_metabolic_syndrome_in_Korea:_Korean_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Survey_1998_2001_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-1326.2005.00569.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -