Heterogeneous effect of leucotriene CysLT1 receptor antagonists on antigen-induced motor and inflammatory responses in guinea-pig airways.Auton Autacoid Pharmacol. 2007 Jan; 27(1):39-46.AA
1. The effect of montelukast or MEN91507, selective leucotriene CysLT1 receptor antagonists, on antigen-induced airway inflammation and bronchoconstriction were compared in anaesthetized guinea-pigs. 2. In sensitized animals, ovalbumin (0.3 mg kg(-1), i.v.)-induced microvascular leakage in trachea, intrapulmonary airways, total lung (parenchyma and intrapulmonary airways) and urinary bladder was reduced by MEN91507 (0.01-1 micromol kg(-1), i.v.), whereas montelukast (0.01-1 micromol kg(-1), i.v.) antagonized the effect of the antigen only in the lung and urinary bladder. 3. Ovalbumin (1 mg kg(-1), i.v.)-induced bronchoconstriction was dose dependently antagonized by MEN91507 (10-30 micromol kg(-1), i.v.), whereas the effect of montelukast (0.1-30 micromol kg(-1), i.v.) was marginal (15-30% inhibition). Neither MEN91507 nor montelukast (30 micromol kg(-1), i.v.) affected the bronchoconstrictor response induced by acetylcholine (0.3 micromol kg(-1), i.v.) in sensitized animals. 4. It is concluded that montelukast and MEN91507 display a differential activity against the effect of endogenous leucotrienes, despite the fact that both compounds show a similar antagonist profile against exogenous leucotrienes acting through CysLT1 receptors.