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Interactions between smoking and other exposures associated with lung cancer risk in women: diet and physical activity.
Neoplasma 2007; 54(1):83-8N

Abstract

The objective of the study is to estimate the differences in the impact of diet and physical exercise on lung cancer risk in female nonsmokers vs. smokers, and reveal interactions, if any. In a hospital based case-control study, data collected by in-person interviews from 569 female lung cancer cases and 2120 controls were analyzed using unconditional logistic regression stratifying by appropriate factors. Protective effects were observed for intake of milk/dairy products (OR=0.57, 95%CI 0.35-0.94), vegetables (OR=0.60, 95%CI 0.40-0.91), apples (OR=0.69), wine (OR=0.77), and physical exercise (OR=0.59, 95%CI 0.42-0.83) among smokers only, while no similar effects were found among nonsmokers. In contrast, the intake of black tea was associated with a protective effect (OR=0.66, 95%CI 0.47-0.94) among nonsmokers only. Comparing the effects of dietary items and physical activity on lung cancer risk among nonsmokers versus smokers, statistically significant effect modifications were found for black tea (P 0.005), and milk/dairy products (P 0.047). Borderline effect modifications emerged for physical exercise (P 0.077).

CONCLUSIONS

These results indicate protective effects of some components of healthful diet and physical exercise among smokers, and of the intake of black tea among nonsmokers. The observed interactions of the impact of black tea, milk/dairy products and physical activity upon lung cancer risk in women at different levels of the smoking habit deserve further studies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery, Charles University, University Hospital Na Bulovce, Prague, Czech Republic. kubika@fnb.czNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17203897

Citation

Kubík, A, et al. "Interactions Between Smoking and Other Exposures Associated With Lung Cancer Risk in Women: Diet and Physical Activity." Neoplasma, vol. 54, no. 1, 2007, pp. 83-8.
Kubík A, Zatloukal P, Tomásek L, et al. Interactions between smoking and other exposures associated with lung cancer risk in women: diet and physical activity. Neoplasma. 2007;54(1):83-8.
Kubík, A., Zatloukal, P., Tomásek, L., Pauk, N., Havel, L., Dolezal, J., & Plesko, I. (2007). Interactions between smoking and other exposures associated with lung cancer risk in women: diet and physical activity. Neoplasma, 54(1), pp. 83-8.
Kubík A, et al. Interactions Between Smoking and Other Exposures Associated With Lung Cancer Risk in Women: Diet and Physical Activity. Neoplasma. 2007;54(1):83-8. PubMed PMID: 17203897.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Interactions between smoking and other exposures associated with lung cancer risk in women: diet and physical activity. AU - Kubík,A, AU - Zatloukal,P, AU - Tomásek,L, AU - Pauk,N, AU - Havel,L, AU - Dolezal,J, AU - Plesko,I, PY - 2007/1/6/pubmed PY - 2007/6/28/medline PY - 2007/1/6/entrez SP - 83 EP - 8 JF - Neoplasma JO - Neoplasma VL - 54 IS - 1 N2 - UNLABELLED: The objective of the study is to estimate the differences in the impact of diet and physical exercise on lung cancer risk in female nonsmokers vs. smokers, and reveal interactions, if any. In a hospital based case-control study, data collected by in-person interviews from 569 female lung cancer cases and 2120 controls were analyzed using unconditional logistic regression stratifying by appropriate factors. Protective effects were observed for intake of milk/dairy products (OR=0.57, 95%CI 0.35-0.94), vegetables (OR=0.60, 95%CI 0.40-0.91), apples (OR=0.69), wine (OR=0.77), and physical exercise (OR=0.59, 95%CI 0.42-0.83) among smokers only, while no similar effects were found among nonsmokers. In contrast, the intake of black tea was associated with a protective effect (OR=0.66, 95%CI 0.47-0.94) among nonsmokers only. Comparing the effects of dietary items and physical activity on lung cancer risk among nonsmokers versus smokers, statistically significant effect modifications were found for black tea (P 0.005), and milk/dairy products (P 0.047). Borderline effect modifications emerged for physical exercise (P 0.077). CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate protective effects of some components of healthful diet and physical exercise among smokers, and of the intake of black tea among nonsmokers. The observed interactions of the impact of black tea, milk/dairy products and physical activity upon lung cancer risk in women at different levels of the smoking habit deserve further studies. SN - 0028-2685 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17203897/Interactions_between_smoking_and_other_exposures_associated_with_lung_cancer_risk_in_women:_diet_and_physical_activity_ L2 - http://www.aepress.sk/_downloads/dl.php?from=pubmed&journal=NEO&file=2007_01_83.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -