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Hypertension in Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Med J. 2007 Jan; 28(1):77-84.SM

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the prevalence of hypertension among Saudis of both gender, between the ages of 30-70 years in rural as well as urban communities. This work is part of a major national study on Coronary Artery Disease in Saudis Study (CADISS).

METHODS

This is a community-based study conducted by examining subjects in the age group of 30-70 years of selected households during a 5-year period between 1995 and 2000 in Saudi Arabia. Data were obtained from history using a validated questionnaire, and examination including measurement of blood pressure. The data were analyzed to provide prevalence of hypertension. Logistic regression was used to develop a risk assessment model for prevalence of hypertension.

RESULTS

The total number of subjects included in the study was 17,230. The prevalence of hypertension was 26.1% in crude terms. For males, the prevalence of hypertension was 28.6%, while for females; the prevalence was significantly lower at 23.9% (p<0.001). The urban population showed significantly higher prevalence of hypertension of 27.9%, compared to rural population's prevalence of 22.4% (p<0.001). The prevalence of CAD among hypertensive patients was 8.2%, and 4.5% among normotensive subjects (p<0.001). Increasing weight showed significant increase in prevalence of hypertension in a linear relationship.

CONCLUSION

Hypertension is increasing in prevalence in KSA affecting more than one fourth of the adult Saudi population. We recommend aggressive management of hypertension as well as screening of adults for hypertension early to prevent its damaging consequences if left untreated. Public health awareness of simple measures, such as low salt diet, exercise, and avoiding obesity, to maintain normal arterial blood pressure need to be implemented by health care providers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. malnozha@hotmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17206295

Citation

Al-Nozha, Mansour M., et al. "Hypertension in Saudi Arabia." Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 28, no. 1, 2007, pp. 77-84.
Al-Nozha MM, Abdullah M, Arafah MR, et al. Hypertension in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2007;28(1):77-84.
Al-Nozha, M. M., Abdullah, M., Arafah, M. R., Khalil, M. Z., Khan, N. B., Al-Mazrou, Y. Y., Al-Maatouq, M. A., Al-Marzouki, K., Al-Khadra, A., Nouh, M. S., Al-Harthi, S. S., Al-Shahid, M. S., & Al-Mobeireek, A. (2007). Hypertension in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Medical Journal, 28(1), 77-84.
Al-Nozha MM, et al. Hypertension in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2007;28(1):77-84. PubMed PMID: 17206295.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Hypertension in Saudi Arabia. AU - Al-Nozha,Mansour M, AU - Abdullah,Moheeb, AU - Arafah,Mohammed R, AU - Khalil,Mohamed Z, AU - Khan,Nazeer B, AU - Al-Mazrou,Yaqoub Y, AU - Al-Maatouq,Mohammed A, AU - Al-Marzouki,Khalid, AU - Al-Khadra,Akram, AU - Nouh,Mohammed S, AU - Al-Harthi,Saad S, AU - Al-Shahid,Maie S, AU - Al-Mobeireek,Abdulellah, PY - 2007/1/9/pubmed PY - 2007/6/5/medline PY - 2007/1/9/entrez SP - 77 EP - 84 JF - Saudi medical journal JO - Saudi Med J VL - 28 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of hypertension among Saudis of both gender, between the ages of 30-70 years in rural as well as urban communities. This work is part of a major national study on Coronary Artery Disease in Saudis Study (CADISS). METHODS: This is a community-based study conducted by examining subjects in the age group of 30-70 years of selected households during a 5-year period between 1995 and 2000 in Saudi Arabia. Data were obtained from history using a validated questionnaire, and examination including measurement of blood pressure. The data were analyzed to provide prevalence of hypertension. Logistic regression was used to develop a risk assessment model for prevalence of hypertension. RESULTS: The total number of subjects included in the study was 17,230. The prevalence of hypertension was 26.1% in crude terms. For males, the prevalence of hypertension was 28.6%, while for females; the prevalence was significantly lower at 23.9% (p<0.001). The urban population showed significantly higher prevalence of hypertension of 27.9%, compared to rural population's prevalence of 22.4% (p<0.001). The prevalence of CAD among hypertensive patients was 8.2%, and 4.5% among normotensive subjects (p<0.001). Increasing weight showed significant increase in prevalence of hypertension in a linear relationship. CONCLUSION: Hypertension is increasing in prevalence in KSA affecting more than one fourth of the adult Saudi population. We recommend aggressive management of hypertension as well as screening of adults for hypertension early to prevent its damaging consequences if left untreated. Public health awareness of simple measures, such as low salt diet, exercise, and avoiding obesity, to maintain normal arterial blood pressure need to be implemented by health care providers. SN - 0379-5284 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17206295/Hypertension_in_Saudi_Arabia_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -