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Altered antinociceptive efficacy of tramadol over time in rats with painful peripheral neuropathy.
Eur J Pharmacol. 2007 Mar 15; 559(1):32-7.EJ

Abstract

Pain due to peripheral nerve injury or disease is a dynamic process, such that the mechanism that underlies it alters over time. Tramadol has been reported to be analgesic in clinical neuropathic pain, with varying levels of efficacy due to a patient population that has had neuropathic pain for a wide range of time. In order to address and examine the issue, the antinociceptive efficacy of tramadol over time was tested in rats with a chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the left sciatic nerve. Rats developed a robust hind paw hypersensitivity to innocuous mechanical stimulation ipsilateral to CCI surgery. Subcutaneous injection of tramadol in rats two weeks after CCI surgery dose-dependently attenuated mechanical hypersensitivity, which was abolished with the mu-opioid receptor antagonist naloxone but not the alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist yohimbine. Systemic tramadol also attenuated mechanical hypersensitivity four weeks after CCI surgery, but the efficacy significantly diminished at this time point. In addition, the effect of tramadol at this later time point could be reduced with yohimbine as well as naloxone. These data demonstrate that the efficacy of tramadol depends in part on the duration of nerve injury-evoked nociception, and that its antinociceptive mechanism changes over time. Alteration in antinociceptive mechanism over time may explain the inconsistency in efficacy of this and other analgesic drugs in chronic pain patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, The Miami Project to Cure Paralysis, Miami, FL 33136, USA. ahama@med.miami.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17207479

Citation

Hama, Aldric, and Jacqueline Sagen. "Altered Antinociceptive Efficacy of Tramadol Over Time in Rats With Painful Peripheral Neuropathy." European Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 559, no. 1, 2007, pp. 32-7.
Hama A, Sagen J. Altered antinociceptive efficacy of tramadol over time in rats with painful peripheral neuropathy. Eur J Pharmacol. 2007;559(1):32-7.
Hama, A., & Sagen, J. (2007). Altered antinociceptive efficacy of tramadol over time in rats with painful peripheral neuropathy. European Journal of Pharmacology, 559(1), 32-7.
Hama A, Sagen J. Altered Antinociceptive Efficacy of Tramadol Over Time in Rats With Painful Peripheral Neuropathy. Eur J Pharmacol. 2007 Mar 15;559(1):32-7. PubMed PMID: 17207479.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Altered antinociceptive efficacy of tramadol over time in rats with painful peripheral neuropathy. AU - Hama,Aldric, AU - Sagen,Jacqueline, Y1 - 2006/12/01/ PY - 2006/10/12/received PY - 2006/11/16/revised PY - 2006/11/21/accepted PY - 2007/1/9/pubmed PY - 2007/4/10/medline PY - 2007/1/9/entrez SP - 32 EP - 7 JF - European journal of pharmacology JO - Eur J Pharmacol VL - 559 IS - 1 N2 - Pain due to peripheral nerve injury or disease is a dynamic process, such that the mechanism that underlies it alters over time. Tramadol has been reported to be analgesic in clinical neuropathic pain, with varying levels of efficacy due to a patient population that has had neuropathic pain for a wide range of time. In order to address and examine the issue, the antinociceptive efficacy of tramadol over time was tested in rats with a chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the left sciatic nerve. Rats developed a robust hind paw hypersensitivity to innocuous mechanical stimulation ipsilateral to CCI surgery. Subcutaneous injection of tramadol in rats two weeks after CCI surgery dose-dependently attenuated mechanical hypersensitivity, which was abolished with the mu-opioid receptor antagonist naloxone but not the alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist yohimbine. Systemic tramadol also attenuated mechanical hypersensitivity four weeks after CCI surgery, but the efficacy significantly diminished at this time point. In addition, the effect of tramadol at this later time point could be reduced with yohimbine as well as naloxone. These data demonstrate that the efficacy of tramadol depends in part on the duration of nerve injury-evoked nociception, and that its antinociceptive mechanism changes over time. Alteration in antinociceptive mechanism over time may explain the inconsistency in efficacy of this and other analgesic drugs in chronic pain patients. SN - 0014-2999 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17207479/Altered_antinociceptive_efficacy_of_tramadol_over_time_in_rats_with_painful_peripheral_neuropathy_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0014-2999(06)01321-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -