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The Afghan symptom checklist: a culturally grounded approach to mental health assessment in a conflict zone.
Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2006 Oct; 76(4):423-433.AJ

Abstract

This article describes a methodology for developing culturally grounded assessment measures in conflict and postconflict situations. A mixed-method design was used in Kabul, Afghanistan, to identify local indicators of distress and develop the 22-item Afghan Symptom Checklist (ASCL). The ASCL contains several indigenous items and items familiar to Western mental health professionals. The ASCL was pilot tested and subsequently administered to 324 adults in 8 districts of Kabul. It demonstrated excellent reliability (alpha=.93) and good construct validity, correlating strongly with a measure of exposure to war-related violence and loss (r=.70). Results of the survey indicate moderate levels of distress among Afghan men and markedly higher levels of distress and impaired functioning among women (and widows in particular).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Psychology Department, Pomona College.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17209710

Citation

Miller, Kenneth E., et al. "The Afghan Symptom Checklist: a Culturally Grounded Approach to Mental Health Assessment in a Conflict Zone." The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, vol. 76, no. 4, 2006, pp. 423-433.
Miller KE, Omidian P, Quraishy AS, et al. The Afghan symptom checklist: a culturally grounded approach to mental health assessment in a conflict zone. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2006;76(4):423-433.
Miller, K. E., Omidian, P., Quraishy, A. S., Quraishy, N., Nasiry, M. N., Nasiry, S., Karyar, N. M., & Yaqubi, A. A. (2006). The Afghan symptom checklist: a culturally grounded approach to mental health assessment in a conflict zone. The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 76(4), 423-433. https://doi.org/10.1037/0002-9432.76.4.423
Miller KE, et al. The Afghan Symptom Checklist: a Culturally Grounded Approach to Mental Health Assessment in a Conflict Zone. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2006;76(4):423-433. PubMed PMID: 17209710.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Afghan symptom checklist: a culturally grounded approach to mental health assessment in a conflict zone. AU - Miller,Kenneth E, AU - Omidian,Patricia, AU - Quraishy,Abdul Samad, AU - Quraishy,Naseema, AU - Nasiry,Mohammed Nader, AU - Nasiry,Seema, AU - Karyar,Nazar Mohammed, AU - Yaqubi,Abdul Aziz, PY - 2007/1/11/pubmed PY - 2007/3/16/medline PY - 2007/1/11/entrez SP - 423 EP - 433 JF - The American journal of orthopsychiatry JO - Am J Orthopsychiatry VL - 76 IS - 4 N2 - This article describes a methodology for developing culturally grounded assessment measures in conflict and postconflict situations. A mixed-method design was used in Kabul, Afghanistan, to identify local indicators of distress and develop the 22-item Afghan Symptom Checklist (ASCL). The ASCL contains several indigenous items and items familiar to Western mental health professionals. The ASCL was pilot tested and subsequently administered to 324 adults in 8 districts of Kabul. It demonstrated excellent reliability (alpha=.93) and good construct validity, correlating strongly with a measure of exposure to war-related violence and loss (r=.70). Results of the survey indicate moderate levels of distress among Afghan men and markedly higher levels of distress and impaired functioning among women (and widows in particular). SN - 0002-9432 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17209710/The_Afghan_symptom_checklist:_a_culturally_grounded_approach_to_mental_health_assessment_in_a_conflict_zone_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/ort/76/4/423 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -