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Endometriosis, dysmenorrhea and diet--what is the evidence?

Abstract

The objective of this study is to assess the literature concerning the effect of diet on endometriosis and dysmenorrhea and to elucidate evidential support, to give dietary recommendations to women suffering from these conditions. A systematic search in electronic databases on a relationship between diet and endometriosis/dysmenorrhea was performed. Data on diet and endometriosis were limited to four trials of which two were animal studies. The articles concerning human consumption found some relation between disease and low intake of vegetable and fruit and high intake of vegetarian polyunsaturated fat, ham, beef and other red meat. Results concerning fish intake were not consistent. Eight trials of different design, with a total of 1097 women, investigated the relationship between diet and dysmenorrhea. Intake of fish oil seemed to have a positive effect on pain symptoms. This study concludes that literature on diet and endometriosis is sparse, whereas eight studies have looked at diet and dysmenorrhea. No clear recommendations on what diet to eat or refrain from to reduce the symptoms of endometriosis can be given, while a few studies indicate that fish oil can reduce dysmenorrhea. Further research is recommended on both subjects.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Odense University Hospital, University of Southern Denmark, DK-5000 Odense C, Denmark.

    Source

    MeSH

    Diet
    Dysmenorrhea
    Endometriosis
    Female
    Fish Oils
    Humans

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    17210218

    Citation

    Fjerbaek, Agnete, and Ulla B. Knudsen. "Endometriosis, Dysmenorrhea and Diet--what Is the Evidence?" European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, vol. 132, no. 2, 2007, pp. 140-7.
    Fjerbaek A, Knudsen UB. Endometriosis, dysmenorrhea and diet--what is the evidence? Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2007;132(2):140-7.
    Fjerbaek, A., & Knudsen, U. B. (2007). Endometriosis, dysmenorrhea and diet--what is the evidence? European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, 132(2), pp. 140-7.
    Fjerbaek A, Knudsen UB. Endometriosis, Dysmenorrhea and Diet--what Is the Evidence. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2007;132(2):140-7. PubMed PMID: 17210218.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Endometriosis, dysmenorrhea and diet--what is the evidence? AU - Fjerbaek,Agnete, AU - Knudsen,Ulla B, Y1 - 2007/01/08/ PY - 2006/06/28/received PY - 2006/12/12/revised PY - 2006/12/13/accepted PY - 2007/1/11/pubmed PY - 2007/8/29/medline PY - 2007/1/11/entrez SP - 140 EP - 7 JF - European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology JO - Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol. VL - 132 IS - 2 N2 - The objective of this study is to assess the literature concerning the effect of diet on endometriosis and dysmenorrhea and to elucidate evidential support, to give dietary recommendations to women suffering from these conditions. A systematic search in electronic databases on a relationship between diet and endometriosis/dysmenorrhea was performed. Data on diet and endometriosis were limited to four trials of which two were animal studies. The articles concerning human consumption found some relation between disease and low intake of vegetable and fruit and high intake of vegetarian polyunsaturated fat, ham, beef and other red meat. Results concerning fish intake were not consistent. Eight trials of different design, with a total of 1097 women, investigated the relationship between diet and dysmenorrhea. Intake of fish oil seemed to have a positive effect on pain symptoms. This study concludes that literature on diet and endometriosis is sparse, whereas eight studies have looked at diet and dysmenorrhea. No clear recommendations on what diet to eat or refrain from to reduce the symptoms of endometriosis can be given, while a few studies indicate that fish oil can reduce dysmenorrhea. Further research is recommended on both subjects. SN - 0301-2115 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17210218/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301-2115(06)00673-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -