Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The role of breakfast in nutrient intake of urban schoolchildren.
Public Health Nutr. 2007 Jan; 10(1):55-8.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To ascertain the breakfast habits of 10-15-year-old schoolchildren and to assess the quality of this meal as well as its relationship to the food consumption pattern for the full day.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional survey.

SUBJECTS AND SETTING

Eight hundred and two schoolchildren, boys and girls, aged 10-15 years, belonging to different urban schools located in Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.

METHOD

The breakfast eating patterns of the children were studied and their impact on growth was assessed, using dietary recalls and anthropometric measurements.

RESULTS

Only 42.8% of the children ate breakfast regularly. Over half of the children skipped breakfast, ranging from daily to once in two weeks. The energy and protein composition of breakfasts eaten by the children indicated that those who did not skip breakfast met one-quarter to one-third of their total daily energy and protein requirements. Mean nutrient intakes calculated from 24-hour recalls revealed that the children's diets were inadequate compared with the recommended values for energy and protein. The inadequate energy intake was reflected in a high incidence of malnutrition in both boys and girls; 40.3% of the boys and 32.1% of the girls studied were found to be underweight. Protein intake was also inadequate among boys and girls, although a higher percentage of children met their protein requirements.

CONCLUSIONS

Over half of the schoolchildren studied skipped breakfast frequently, the main reason being getting up late. Children who consumed breakfast had higher daily intakes of energy and protein than children who skipped breakfast. These data confirm the importance of breakfast to overall dietary quality and adequacy in school-aged children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Kasturba Gandhi Degree and PG College for Women, Marredpally, Secunderabad 500026, Andhra Pradesh, India. umachitra7@yahoo.co.ukNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17212843

Citation

Chitra, Uma, and C Radha Reddy. "The Role of Breakfast in Nutrient Intake of Urban Schoolchildren." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 10, no. 1, 2007, pp. 55-8.
Chitra U, Reddy CR. The role of breakfast in nutrient intake of urban schoolchildren. Public Health Nutr. 2007;10(1):55-8.
Chitra, U., & Reddy, C. R. (2007). The role of breakfast in nutrient intake of urban schoolchildren. Public Health Nutrition, 10(1), 55-8.
Chitra U, Reddy CR. The Role of Breakfast in Nutrient Intake of Urban Schoolchildren. Public Health Nutr. 2007;10(1):55-8. PubMed PMID: 17212843.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The role of breakfast in nutrient intake of urban schoolchildren. AU - Chitra,Uma, AU - Reddy,C Radha, PY - 2007/1/11/pubmed PY - 2007/3/14/medline PY - 2007/1/11/entrez SP - 55 EP - 8 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 10 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the breakfast habits of 10-15-year-old schoolchildren and to assess the quality of this meal as well as its relationship to the food consumption pattern for the full day. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Eight hundred and two schoolchildren, boys and girls, aged 10-15 years, belonging to different urban schools located in Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. METHOD: The breakfast eating patterns of the children were studied and their impact on growth was assessed, using dietary recalls and anthropometric measurements. RESULTS: Only 42.8% of the children ate breakfast regularly. Over half of the children skipped breakfast, ranging from daily to once in two weeks. The energy and protein composition of breakfasts eaten by the children indicated that those who did not skip breakfast met one-quarter to one-third of their total daily energy and protein requirements. Mean nutrient intakes calculated from 24-hour recalls revealed that the children's diets were inadequate compared with the recommended values for energy and protein. The inadequate energy intake was reflected in a high incidence of malnutrition in both boys and girls; 40.3% of the boys and 32.1% of the girls studied were found to be underweight. Protein intake was also inadequate among boys and girls, although a higher percentage of children met their protein requirements. CONCLUSIONS: Over half of the schoolchildren studied skipped breakfast frequently, the main reason being getting up late. Children who consumed breakfast had higher daily intakes of energy and protein than children who skipped breakfast. These data confirm the importance of breakfast to overall dietary quality and adequacy in school-aged children. SN - 1368-9800 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17212843/The_role_of_breakfast_in_nutrient_intake_of_urban_schoolchildren_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980007219640/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -