Roxithromycin inhibits tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced matrix metalloproteinase-1 expression through regulating mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation and Ets-1 expression.J Periodontal Res. 2007 Feb; 42(1):53-61.JP
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE
In periodontitis, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are upregulated in response to locally released inflammatory cytokines, resulting in pathologic processes. Roxithromycin is a 14-membered ring macrolide antibiotic with broad-spectrum antibacterial effects against oral pathogens and immunomodulatory effects. Recently, we reported that roxithromycin inhibits tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-induced vascular endothelial growth factor expression in human periodontal ligament (HPDL) cell cultures. In the present study, we examined the effect of roxithromycin on TNF-alpha-induced MMP-1 production by HPDL cells.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
Cultured cells were incubated with 1% fetal bovine serum for 24 h, followed by treatment with 10 ng/ml TNF-alpha, 10 microM roxithromycin, and mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor at various concentrations. Culture supernatants and sediments were collected at different time-points and used for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, and northern and western blot analyses.
In HPDL cell cultures, roxithromycin strongly inhibited TNF-alpha-induced MMP-1 mRNA expression and production. The inhibition of MMP-1 gene expression by roxithromycin was dependent on de novo protein synthesis and was regulated at the transcriptional level. Roxithromycin significantly inhibited TNF-alpha-induced c-Jun N-terminal kinase activation (JNP) and marginally inhibited extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 activation, but not p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase activation. Furthermore, roxithromycin reduced the induction of Ets-1, one of the critical factors in MMP-1 transcription.
Roxithromycin inhibits TNF-alpha-mediated MMP-1 induction through the downregulation of ERK1/2 and JNK activation and the subsequent reduction of Ets-1, suggesting that roxithromycin may have therapeutic use in periodontitis and other chronic inflammatory conditions involving MMP-1 induction.