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Cut-off values for anthropometric variables that confer increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension in Iraq.
Arch Med Res. 2007 Feb; 38(2):253-8.AM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Body mass index (BMI) is often used to reflect total body fat amount (general obesity), whereas waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHpR) or waist-to height ratio (WHtR) is used as a surrogate of body fat centralization (central obesity). The purpose of the present study was to identify cut-offs for BMI and upper-body adiposity (WC, WHpR, and WHtR) that, associated with increased risk of type 2 DM and hypertension in Iraqi adults, would be consistent with overweight and central adiposity.

METHODS

This was a community-based cross-sectional survey for establishing cut-off values for BMI and upper-body adiposity (WC, WHpR or WHtR) associated with increased risk of type 2 DM and hypertension from one district in Southern Iraq, Basrah (Abu-Al-khasib). The total number of persons involved was 12,986 (6693 men and 6293 women), aged 45.6 +/- 15.7 years.

RESULTS

The cut-off point in men associated with increased risk of type 2 DM and hypertension were BMI 25.4 and 24.9, WC 90 and 95 cm, WHpR 0.92 for both and WHtR 0.52 and 0.55, respectively. For women, the cut-off point associated with increased risk of type 2 DM and hypertension were BMI 26.1 and 26.5, WC 91 and 95 cm, WHpR 0.91 for both, and for WHtR 0.56 and 0.59, respectively. The best index for association with type 2 DM was WHpR with cut-off point of 0.92 for men and 0.91 for women. For hypertension, the best index is WHtR (with cut-off point of 0.55 for men and 0.59 for women), whereas the least reliable index was the BMI for both type 2 DM and hypertension.

CONCLUSIONS

Our finding showed that, in Iraqi adults, WHpR has the strongest association with type 2 DM and WHtR for hypertension.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, Basrah College of Medicine, Basrah, Iraq. aambaam@yahoo.comNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17227737

Citation

Mansour, Abbas Ali, and Meelad Imad Al-Jazairi. "Cut-off Values for Anthropometric Variables That Confer Increased Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension in Iraq." Archives of Medical Research, vol. 38, no. 2, 2007, pp. 253-8.
Mansour AA, Al-Jazairi MI. Cut-off values for anthropometric variables that confer increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension in Iraq. Arch Med Res. 2007;38(2):253-8.
Mansour, A. A., & Al-Jazairi, M. I. (2007). Cut-off values for anthropometric variables that confer increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension in Iraq. Archives of Medical Research, 38(2), 253-8.
Mansour AA, Al-Jazairi MI. Cut-off Values for Anthropometric Variables That Confer Increased Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension in Iraq. Arch Med Res. 2007;38(2):253-8. PubMed PMID: 17227737.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cut-off values for anthropometric variables that confer increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension in Iraq. AU - Mansour,Abbas Ali, AU - Al-Jazairi,Meelad Imad, PY - 2006/07/22/received PY - 2006/09/08/accepted PY - 2007/1/18/pubmed PY - 2007/3/27/medline PY - 2007/1/18/entrez SP - 253 EP - 8 JF - Archives of medical research JO - Arch. Med. Res. VL - 38 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) is often used to reflect total body fat amount (general obesity), whereas waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHpR) or waist-to height ratio (WHtR) is used as a surrogate of body fat centralization (central obesity). The purpose of the present study was to identify cut-offs for BMI and upper-body adiposity (WC, WHpR, and WHtR) that, associated with increased risk of type 2 DM and hypertension in Iraqi adults, would be consistent with overweight and central adiposity. METHODS: This was a community-based cross-sectional survey for establishing cut-off values for BMI and upper-body adiposity (WC, WHpR or WHtR) associated with increased risk of type 2 DM and hypertension from one district in Southern Iraq, Basrah (Abu-Al-khasib). The total number of persons involved was 12,986 (6693 men and 6293 women), aged 45.6 +/- 15.7 years. RESULTS: The cut-off point in men associated with increased risk of type 2 DM and hypertension were BMI 25.4 and 24.9, WC 90 and 95 cm, WHpR 0.92 for both and WHtR 0.52 and 0.55, respectively. For women, the cut-off point associated with increased risk of type 2 DM and hypertension were BMI 26.1 and 26.5, WC 91 and 95 cm, WHpR 0.91 for both, and for WHtR 0.56 and 0.59, respectively. The best index for association with type 2 DM was WHpR with cut-off point of 0.92 for men and 0.91 for women. For hypertension, the best index is WHtR (with cut-off point of 0.55 for men and 0.59 for women), whereas the least reliable index was the BMI for both type 2 DM and hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: Our finding showed that, in Iraqi adults, WHpR has the strongest association with type 2 DM and WHtR for hypertension. SN - 0188-4409 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17227737/Cut_off_values_for_anthropometric_variables_that_confer_increased_risk_of_type_2_diabetes_mellitus_and_hypertension_in_Iraq_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0188-4409(06)00344-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -