[Superior sagittal sinus thrombosis during remission induction therapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia].Rinsho Ketsueki. 2006 Dec; 47(12):1533-8.RK
Superior sagittal sinus thrombosis (SSST) has been reported to be caused by coagulopathy following oral contraceptive therapy, DIC, infection around the sinus, compression from a tumor, infiltration of tumor, and an inherited deficiency of proteins C and S, but SSST associated with hematological malignancies and L-asparaginase (L-Asp) therapy is rare. We report a case of an adult patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who developed SSST during the remission induction therapy. A 25-year-old man was admitted with left facial nerve palsy and, following bone marrow aspiration and lumbar puncture, he was diagnosed as having T-ALL with CNS involvement. He received a 1-AdVP regimen as remission induction therapy and intrathecal administration of methotrexate and cytarabine. On day 29, he had a generalized convulsion and SSST was demonstrated by imaging tests. Lymphoid malignancy (ALL in particular), the use of L-Asp, CNS involvement, and intrathecal chemotherapy might be risk factors for the occurrence SSST. When a patient with those factors develops any neurological symptoms, we should pay attention to the occurrence of SSST, as well as stroke or CNS involvement, though SSST is rare.