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Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the World Health Organization-Five Well-Being Index in the context of detecting depression in diabetic patients.
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2007 Feb; 61(1):112-9.PC

Abstract

The present study had two aims. The first was to evaluate the reliability and the validity of the Japanese version of the World Health Organization (WHO)-Five Well-Being Index (WHO-5-J) as a brief well-being scale. The second was to examine the discriminatory validity of this test as a screening tool for current depressive episodes in diabetic patients. A sample of 129 diabetic patients completed the WHO-5-J. Of these, 65 were also interviewed by psychiatrists to assess whether they had any current depressive episodes according to DSM-IV. The internal consistency was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha, the Loevinger coefficient of homogeneity, and factor analysis. The external concurrent validity was evaluated by correlations with the external scales potentially related to subjective well-being. Discriminatory validity was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Cronbach's alpha and the Loevinger coefficient were estimated to be 0.89 and 0.65, respectively. A factor analysis identified only one factor. The WHO-5-J was significantly correlated with a number of major diabetic complications, depression, anxiety, and subjective quality of life. ROC analysis showed that the WHO-5-J can be used to detect a current depressive episode (area under curve: 0.92; 95% confidence interval: 0.85-0.98). A cut-off of <13 yielded the best sensitivity/specificity trade-off: sensitivity, 100%; specificity, 78%. The WHO-5-J was thus found to have a sufficient reliability and validity, indicating that it is a useful instrument for detecting current depressive episodes in diabetic patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Neuropsychiatry and Center for Dementia, Sendai City Hospital, Sendai, Japan. awata-thk@umin.ac.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17239048

Citation

Awata, Shuichi, et al. "Reliability and Validity of the Japanese Version of the World Health Organization-Five Well-Being Index in the Context of Detecting Depression in Diabetic Patients." Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, vol. 61, no. 1, 2007, pp. 112-9.
Awata S, Bech P, Yoshida S, et al. Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the World Health Organization-Five Well-Being Index in the context of detecting depression in diabetic patients. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2007;61(1):112-9.
Awata, S., Bech, P., Yoshida, S., Hirai, M., Suzuki, S., Yamashita, M., Ohara, A., Hinokio, Y., Matsuoka, H., & Oka, Y. (2007). Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the World Health Organization-Five Well-Being Index in the context of detecting depression in diabetic patients. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 61(1), 112-9.
Awata S, et al. Reliability and Validity of the Japanese Version of the World Health Organization-Five Well-Being Index in the Context of Detecting Depression in Diabetic Patients. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2007;61(1):112-9. PubMed PMID: 17239048.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the World Health Organization-Five Well-Being Index in the context of detecting depression in diabetic patients. AU - Awata,Shuichi, AU - Bech,Per, AU - Yoshida,Sumiko, AU - Hirai,Masashi, AU - Suzuki,Susumu, AU - Yamashita,Motoyasu, AU - Ohara,Arihisa, AU - Hinokio,Yoshinori, AU - Matsuoka,Hiroo, AU - Oka,Yoshitomo, PY - 2007/1/24/pubmed PY - 2007/3/8/medline PY - 2007/1/24/entrez SP - 112 EP - 9 JF - Psychiatry and clinical neurosciences JO - Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. VL - 61 IS - 1 N2 - The present study had two aims. The first was to evaluate the reliability and the validity of the Japanese version of the World Health Organization (WHO)-Five Well-Being Index (WHO-5-J) as a brief well-being scale. The second was to examine the discriminatory validity of this test as a screening tool for current depressive episodes in diabetic patients. A sample of 129 diabetic patients completed the WHO-5-J. Of these, 65 were also interviewed by psychiatrists to assess whether they had any current depressive episodes according to DSM-IV. The internal consistency was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha, the Loevinger coefficient of homogeneity, and factor analysis. The external concurrent validity was evaluated by correlations with the external scales potentially related to subjective well-being. Discriminatory validity was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Cronbach's alpha and the Loevinger coefficient were estimated to be 0.89 and 0.65, respectively. A factor analysis identified only one factor. The WHO-5-J was significantly correlated with a number of major diabetic complications, depression, anxiety, and subjective quality of life. ROC analysis showed that the WHO-5-J can be used to detect a current depressive episode (area under curve: 0.92; 95% confidence interval: 0.85-0.98). A cut-off of <13 yielded the best sensitivity/specificity trade-off: sensitivity, 100%; specificity, 78%. The WHO-5-J was thus found to have a sufficient reliability and validity, indicating that it is a useful instrument for detecting current depressive episodes in diabetic patients. SN - 1323-1316 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17239048/Reliability_and_validity_of_the_Japanese_version_of_the_World_Health_Organization_Five_Well_Being_Index_in_the_context_of_detecting_depression_in_diabetic_patients_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1819.2007.01619.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -