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Pretravel advice and hepatitis A immunization among Australian travelers.
J Travel Med. 2007 Jan-Feb; 14(1):31-6.JT

Abstract

BACKGROUND

More Australians are traveling to overseas destinations where preventable infectious diseases, such as hepatitis A, are endemic. Yet, there is only limited data concerning the extent to which Australians seek travel advice and vaccination before their departures.

METHOD

Annual telephone surveys were conducted among adult Australians travelers. Information was collected on the travel advice and vaccinations received before departure. Perceptions about, and their potential exposure to, travel-related infections while overseas were also assessed. This paper presents data from the 2003 survey related to travel advice and hepatitis A, while hepatitis B is discussed in the companion article.

RESULTS

Only a third of interviewees had sought health advice before travel. Infrequent travelers, those departing for endemic countries or for longer journeys, were more likely to seek medical advice. Overall, 32% of interviewees had been vaccinated against hepatitis A, with travelers to high/medium-hepatitis A endemicity destinations being more likely to be vaccinated than those visiting low-endemicity countries (44% vs 20%). Among the 263 visitors to endemic countries, those who stayed with friends and relatives were least likely to be vaccinated against hepatitis A compared to other styles of accommodation.

CONCLUSIONS

Despite government recommendations and industry group campaigns about the need for pretravel advice, the majority of Australians travel overseas without adequate health advice and protection against hepatitis A and other travel-related infectious diseases.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. n.zwar@unsw.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17241251

Citation

Zwar, Nicholas, et al. "Pretravel Advice and Hepatitis a Immunization Among Australian Travelers." Journal of Travel Medicine, vol. 14, no. 1, 2007, pp. 31-6.
Zwar N, Streeton CL, Travel Health Advisory Group. Pretravel advice and hepatitis A immunization among Australian travelers. J Travel Med. 2007;14(1):31-6.
Zwar, N., & Streeton, C. L. (2007). Pretravel advice and hepatitis A immunization among Australian travelers. Journal of Travel Medicine, 14(1), 31-6.
Zwar N, Streeton CL, Travel Health Advisory Group. Pretravel Advice and Hepatitis a Immunization Among Australian Travelers. J Travel Med. 2007 Jan-Feb;14(1):31-6. PubMed PMID: 17241251.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pretravel advice and hepatitis A immunization among Australian travelers. AU - Zwar,Nicholas, AU - Streeton,Catherine L, AU - ,, PY - 2007/1/24/pubmed PY - 2007/3/22/medline PY - 2007/1/24/entrez SP - 31 EP - 6 JF - Journal of travel medicine JO - J Travel Med VL - 14 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: More Australians are traveling to overseas destinations where preventable infectious diseases, such as hepatitis A, are endemic. Yet, there is only limited data concerning the extent to which Australians seek travel advice and vaccination before their departures. METHOD: Annual telephone surveys were conducted among adult Australians travelers. Information was collected on the travel advice and vaccinations received before departure. Perceptions about, and their potential exposure to, travel-related infections while overseas were also assessed. This paper presents data from the 2003 survey related to travel advice and hepatitis A, while hepatitis B is discussed in the companion article. RESULTS: Only a third of interviewees had sought health advice before travel. Infrequent travelers, those departing for endemic countries or for longer journeys, were more likely to seek medical advice. Overall, 32% of interviewees had been vaccinated against hepatitis A, with travelers to high/medium-hepatitis A endemicity destinations being more likely to be vaccinated than those visiting low-endemicity countries (44% vs 20%). Among the 263 visitors to endemic countries, those who stayed with friends and relatives were least likely to be vaccinated against hepatitis A compared to other styles of accommodation. CONCLUSIONS: Despite government recommendations and industry group campaigns about the need for pretravel advice, the majority of Australians travel overseas without adequate health advice and protection against hepatitis A and other travel-related infectious diseases. SN - 1195-1982 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17241251/Pretravel_advice_and_hepatitis_A_immunization_among_Australian_travelers_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jtm/article-lookup/doi/10.1111/j.1708-8305.2006.00088.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -