Sildenafil reduces L-NAME-induced severe hypertension and worsening of myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion damage in the rat.Br J Pharmacol. 2007 Mar; 150(5):567-76.BJ
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE
Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors are beneficial in pulmonary hypertension and congestive heart failure, the two conditions associated with coronary heart disease and ischaemia. We investigated whether sildenafil counteracts the cardiovascular alterations induced by N -nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) in the rat.
Sildenafil was given orally to rats at doses of 0.37, 0.75 or 1.5 mg kg-1day-1 for four weeks, either alone or with L-NAME (35-40 mg kg-1 day-1 in the drinking water). Systolic blood pressure and urinary parameters (6-keto-prostaglandin F1alpha, thromboxane B2, 8-isoprostane-prostaglandin F2 and nitrite/nitrate) were measured in conscious rats. Isolated hearts were subjected to low flow ischaemia-reperfusion, and myocardial levels of guanosine 3', 5'cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) were determined. Endothelial vascular dysfunction was examined in aortic rings.
Sildenafil dose-dependently prevented the rise in systolic blood pressure in L-NAME-treated rats. This activity was associated with a normalization of urinary 8-isoprostane-prostaglandin F2alpha and other biochemical parameters. In perfused hearts, the post-ischaemic ventricular dysfunction was worse in preparations from L-NAME-treated rats than in controls. Sildenafil dose-dependently reduced this effect, and creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase release were lower too. cGMP levels, which were low in myocardial tissue from L-NAME-treated rats, were restored by sildenafil. In noradrenaline-precontracted aortic rings from L-NAME-treated rats acetylcholine lost its vasorelaxant effect, and sildenafil restored it.
CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS
In a rat model of chronic nitric oxide deprivation, where hypertension and aggravation of post-ischaemic ventricular dysfunction are associated with loss of vascular endothelium-relaxant function, sildenafil provided significant cardiovascular protection, primarily by maintaining tissue cGMP levels.