Studies on the efficacy of mast cell growth factor (c-kit ligand) in vitro as well as in vivo.Behring Inst Mitt. 1991 DecBI
We tested the ability of recombinant human (rhu) mast cell growth factor (MGF), also known as c-kit ligand, to stimulate the colony formation of human bone marrow cells in semisolid medium alone and in combination with rhu erythropoietin (EPO), rhu Interleukin 3 (IL-3), rhu granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) and rhu granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF). The addition of MGF to cultures containing EPO or EPO + IL-3, GM-CSF and G-CSF, resp., resulted in macroscopic erythroid burst-forming units (BFU-E). Multipotential (colony-forming unit granulocyte, erythroid, monocyte, megakaryocyte [CFU-GEMM]) progenitors were stimulated by MGF in the presence of EPO. Colony-forming unit granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM) were activated by MGF only in combination with GM-CSF. The combination of MGF with EPO was used for synergism studies in healthy cynomolgus monkeys. In the chosen concentration MGF alone had no effect on white blood cell (WBC) counts and on platelets, but a slight effect on reticulocytes. EPO by itself increased reticulocyte counts with no effects on WBC or platelets. The combination of both factors resulted in a significant increase of reticulocytes. No other effects were seen. These studies demonstrate the potent synergistic interaction of MGF and other hematopoietic growth factors.