Evidence for AEGILOPS SHARONENSIS Eig as the Donor of the B Genome of Wheat.Genetics. 1981 Nov; 99(3-4):495-512.G
A number of lines of evidence are advanced for the candidacy of Aegilops sharonensis Eig as the donor of the B genome of wheat. The cytoplasm of Ae. sharonensis is compatible with tetraploid wheat Triticum turgidum dicoccoides, as evidenced by the high level of chromosome pairing and fertility of the amphiploid Ae. sharonensisxT. turgidum dicoccoides. Ae. sharonensis chromosomes exhibit high levels of pairing with those of the B genome of wheat in hybrids with Ph-deficient hexaploid wheat and low levels of homoeologous pairing with T. monococcum chromosomes.--The amphidiploid between Ae. sharonensis and T. monococcum is very similar to T. turgidum dicoccoides in spike, spikelet and grain morphology. The karyotype of Ae. sharonensis resembles more closely that of extrapolated B genome karyotypes of wheat than do the karyotypes of other proposed B-genome donor species of Aegilops. Because of distinctiveness in cytological affinity and karyotype morphology between Ae. sharonensis and Ae. longissima, a separate genome symbol S(sh) is proposed for the former species.