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Trends in diet quality for coronary heart disease prevention between 1980-1982 and 2000-2002: The Minnesota Heart Survey.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2007 Feb; 107(2):213-22.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Describe secular trends in overall diet quality for coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention during the past two decades (1980-1982 through 2000-2002).

DESIGN

Dietary data were drawn from the Minnesota Heart Survey, a repeated population-based survey designed to examine trends in mortality, morbidity, and risk factors for CHD within geographically defined independent probability samples.

SUBJECTS/SETTING

Adults residing in the Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, metropolitan area.

MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES

Dietary intake was assessed by an interviewer administered 24-hour dietary recall from a subsample of survey participants. A Heart Disease Prevention Eating Index was developed to measure overall diet quality by compliance with the current American Heart Association Dietary Guidelines.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES

A generalized linear mixed model was used to examine trends in Heart Disease Prevention Eating Index scores and trends in each element of the index.

RESULTS

Age-adjusted mean Heart Disease Prevention Eating Index scores increased in both sexes during the past 2 decades, particularly driven by improvements in total grain, whole grain, total fat, saturated fatty acids, trans-fatty acids, and cholesterol intake. Energy balance, sodium intake, and fish intake were observed to change unfavorably or stay at a low compliance level.

CONCLUSIONS

Of concern is that improvements in mean Heart Disease Prevention Eating Index appear to have plateaued in 1995-1997, with the mean Heart Disease Prevention Eating Index scores similar between the 1995-1997 and 2000-2002 survey periods. Public health programs for CHD prevention may benefit by applying findings from this study in designing interventions to promote further improvements in the diets of American adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Human Genomic Research Center, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17258957

Citation

Lee, Seungmin, et al. "Trends in Diet Quality for Coronary Heart Disease Prevention Between 1980-1982 and 2000-2002: the Minnesota Heart Survey." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 107, no. 2, 2007, pp. 213-22.
Lee S, Harnack L, Jacobs DR, et al. Trends in diet quality for coronary heart disease prevention between 1980-1982 and 2000-2002: The Minnesota Heart Survey. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107(2):213-22.
Lee, S., Harnack, L., Jacobs, D. R., Steffen, L. M., Luepker, R. V., & Arnett, D. K. (2007). Trends in diet quality for coronary heart disease prevention between 1980-1982 and 2000-2002: The Minnesota Heart Survey. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 107(2), 213-22.
Lee S, et al. Trends in Diet Quality for Coronary Heart Disease Prevention Between 1980-1982 and 2000-2002: the Minnesota Heart Survey. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107(2):213-22. PubMed PMID: 17258957.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Trends in diet quality for coronary heart disease prevention between 1980-1982 and 2000-2002: The Minnesota Heart Survey. AU - Lee,Seungmin, AU - Harnack,Lisa, AU - Jacobs,David R,Jr AU - Steffen,Lyn M, AU - Luepker,Russell V, AU - Arnett,Donna K, PY - 2006/01/06/received PY - 2007/1/30/pubmed PY - 2007/3/8/medline PY - 2007/1/30/entrez SP - 213 EP - 22 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 107 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Describe secular trends in overall diet quality for coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention during the past two decades (1980-1982 through 2000-2002). DESIGN: Dietary data were drawn from the Minnesota Heart Survey, a repeated population-based survey designed to examine trends in mortality, morbidity, and risk factors for CHD within geographically defined independent probability samples. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Adults residing in the Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, metropolitan area. MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES: Dietary intake was assessed by an interviewer administered 24-hour dietary recall from a subsample of survey participants. A Heart Disease Prevention Eating Index was developed to measure overall diet quality by compliance with the current American Heart Association Dietary Guidelines. STATISTICAL ANALYSES: A generalized linear mixed model was used to examine trends in Heart Disease Prevention Eating Index scores and trends in each element of the index. RESULTS: Age-adjusted mean Heart Disease Prevention Eating Index scores increased in both sexes during the past 2 decades, particularly driven by improvements in total grain, whole grain, total fat, saturated fatty acids, trans-fatty acids, and cholesterol intake. Energy balance, sodium intake, and fish intake were observed to change unfavorably or stay at a low compliance level. CONCLUSIONS: Of concern is that improvements in mean Heart Disease Prevention Eating Index appear to have plateaued in 1995-1997, with the mean Heart Disease Prevention Eating Index scores similar between the 1995-1997 and 2000-2002 survey periods. Public health programs for CHD prevention may benefit by applying findings from this study in designing interventions to promote further improvements in the diets of American adults. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17258957/Trends_in_diet_quality_for_coronary_heart_disease_prevention_between_1980_1982_and_2000_2002:_The_Minnesota_Heart_Survey_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(06)02491-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -