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Relation of the "hypertriglyceridemic waist" phenotype to earlier manifestations of coronary artery disease in patients with glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Am J Cardiol. 2007 Feb 01; 99(3):369-73.AJ

Abstract

This study tested the hypothesis that the "hypertriglyceridemic waist" phenotype (waist girth >90 cm [35.4 inches] in men and >85 cm [33.5 inches] in women, along with a plasma triglyceride concentration of >or=2.0 mmol/L [177 mg/dl]) as a covariate of metabolic syndrome features (hyperinsulinemia, hyperapolipoprotein B, and small low-density lipoprotein particles), is predictive of premature coronary artery disease (CAD) among patients with glucose intolerance or type 2 diabetes. Glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes were assessed after an oral glucose tolerance test among 1,190 men and women using the American Diabetes Association criteria. Glycemic control was evaluated using hemoglobin A1c levels. CAD was considered present on the basis of a clinical history of retrosternal pains on exertion, electrophysiologically and clinically documented myocardial infarction, or angiographic evidence of coronary lesions. More than 53% of men (n = 103) with a waist circumference >or=90 cm (35.4 inches) and nearly 80% of women (n = 122) with a waist circumference >or=85 cm (33.5 in.) with triglyceride levels >or=2 mmol/L (177 mg/dl) were diagnosed with glucose intolerance or type 2 diabetes. Survival models revealed that those with glucose intolerance or type 2 diabetes with the "hypertriglyceridemic waist" phenotype experienced their first CAD symptoms 5 years earlier than those without this phenotype. This elevated and earlier risk of CAD was statistically significant (hazard ratio 2.0, 95% confidence interval 1.2 to 3.7, p = 0.02). In conclusion, the "hypertriglyceridemic waist" phenotype, an inexpensive and simple tool identifying subjects with metabolic syndrome features, is a significant marker of CAD manifestations occurring at an earlier age in those with glucose intolerance or type 2 diabetes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, Université de Montréal, University of Montreal Community Genomic Medicine Center and Lipid Clinic, Chicoutimi Hospital, Chicoutimi, Québec, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17261400

Citation

St-Pierre, Julie, et al. "Relation of the "hypertriglyceridemic Waist" Phenotype to Earlier Manifestations of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients With Glucose Intolerance and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus." The American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 99, no. 3, 2007, pp. 369-73.
St-Pierre J, Lemieux I, Perron P, et al. Relation of the "hypertriglyceridemic waist" phenotype to earlier manifestations of coronary artery disease in patients with glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Am J Cardiol. 2007;99(3):369-73.
St-Pierre, J., Lemieux, I., Perron, P., Brisson, D., Santuré, M., Vohl, M. C., Després, J. P., & Gaudet, D. (2007). Relation of the "hypertriglyceridemic waist" phenotype to earlier manifestations of coronary artery disease in patients with glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The American Journal of Cardiology, 99(3), 369-73.
St-Pierre J, et al. Relation of the "hypertriglyceridemic Waist" Phenotype to Earlier Manifestations of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients With Glucose Intolerance and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Am J Cardiol. 2007 Feb 1;99(3):369-73. PubMed PMID: 17261400.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relation of the "hypertriglyceridemic waist" phenotype to earlier manifestations of coronary artery disease in patients with glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. AU - St-Pierre,Julie, AU - Lemieux,Isabelle, AU - Perron,Patrice, AU - Brisson,Diane, AU - Santuré,Marta, AU - Vohl,Marie-Claude, AU - Després,Jean-Pierre, AU - Gaudet,Daniel, Y1 - 2006/12/08/ PY - 2006/03/24/received PY - 2006/08/22/revised PY - 2006/08/22/accepted PY - 2007/1/31/pubmed PY - 2007/3/9/medline PY - 2007/1/31/entrez SP - 369 EP - 73 JF - The American journal of cardiology JO - Am J Cardiol VL - 99 IS - 3 N2 - This study tested the hypothesis that the "hypertriglyceridemic waist" phenotype (waist girth >90 cm [35.4 inches] in men and >85 cm [33.5 inches] in women, along with a plasma triglyceride concentration of >or=2.0 mmol/L [177 mg/dl]) as a covariate of metabolic syndrome features (hyperinsulinemia, hyperapolipoprotein B, and small low-density lipoprotein particles), is predictive of premature coronary artery disease (CAD) among patients with glucose intolerance or type 2 diabetes. Glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes were assessed after an oral glucose tolerance test among 1,190 men and women using the American Diabetes Association criteria. Glycemic control was evaluated using hemoglobin A1c levels. CAD was considered present on the basis of a clinical history of retrosternal pains on exertion, electrophysiologically and clinically documented myocardial infarction, or angiographic evidence of coronary lesions. More than 53% of men (n = 103) with a waist circumference >or=90 cm (35.4 inches) and nearly 80% of women (n = 122) with a waist circumference >or=85 cm (33.5 in.) with triglyceride levels >or=2 mmol/L (177 mg/dl) were diagnosed with glucose intolerance or type 2 diabetes. Survival models revealed that those with glucose intolerance or type 2 diabetes with the "hypertriglyceridemic waist" phenotype experienced their first CAD symptoms 5 years earlier than those without this phenotype. This elevated and earlier risk of CAD was statistically significant (hazard ratio 2.0, 95% confidence interval 1.2 to 3.7, p = 0.02). In conclusion, the "hypertriglyceridemic waist" phenotype, an inexpensive and simple tool identifying subjects with metabolic syndrome features, is a significant marker of CAD manifestations occurring at an earlier age in those with glucose intolerance or type 2 diabetes. SN - 0002-9149 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17261400/Relation_of_the_"hypertriglyceridemic_waist"_phenotype_to_earlier_manifestations_of_coronary_artery_disease_in_patients_with_glucose_intolerance_and_type_2_diabetes_mellitus_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-9149(06)02066-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -