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Food insecurity and gender are risk factors for obesity.
J Nutr Educ Behav 2007 Jan-Feb; 39(1):31-6JN

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Examine relationships between adult obesity, childhood overweight, and food insecurity.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional retrospective study.

SETTING

Community settings in Hartford, Connecticut.

PARTICIPANTS

Convenience sample of 200 parents and their 212 children, aged 2-12.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Adult obesity (Body Mass Index [BMI] > 30), childhood overweight (BMI-for-age > 95(th) percentile), and household food security (U.S. Department of Agriculture module).

ANALYSIS

Chi-square tests between weight status and socioeconomic characteristics. Multinomial regression analyses to determine risk factors for adult obesity and childhood overweight.

RESULTS

Over half of parents (51%) were obese, and almost one-third of children (31.6%) were overweight. Over half of households were food insecure. Food insecure adults were significantly more likely to be obese as those who were food secure (Odds Ratio [OR]=2.45, p = .02). Being a girl and having an obese parent doubled the likelihood of children being overweight (OR=2.56, P = .01; OR=2.32, P = .03). Children with family incomes below 100% of poverty were half as likely to be overweight as those with higher incomes (OR=.47, P = .05). Food insecurity did not increase odds of childhood overweight.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS

Obesity prevention programs and policies need to address food insecurity and gender as key risk factors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Public Health and Health Policy, University of Connecticut, East Hartford, CT 06108, USA. katie.martin@uconn.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17276325

Citation

Martin, Katie S., and Ann M. Ferris. "Food Insecurity and Gender Are Risk Factors for Obesity." Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, vol. 39, no. 1, 2007, pp. 31-6.
Martin KS, Ferris AM. Food insecurity and gender are risk factors for obesity. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2007;39(1):31-6.
Martin, K. S., & Ferris, A. M. (2007). Food insecurity and gender are risk factors for obesity. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 39(1), pp. 31-6.
Martin KS, Ferris AM. Food Insecurity and Gender Are Risk Factors for Obesity. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2007;39(1):31-6. PubMed PMID: 17276325.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food insecurity and gender are risk factors for obesity. AU - Martin,Katie S, AU - Ferris,Ann M, PY - 2006/01/30/received PY - 2006/08/15/revised PY - 2006/08/17/accepted PY - 2007/2/6/pubmed PY - 2007/3/23/medline PY - 2007/2/6/entrez SP - 31 EP - 6 JF - Journal of nutrition education and behavior JO - J Nutr Educ Behav VL - 39 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Examine relationships between adult obesity, childhood overweight, and food insecurity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective study. SETTING: Community settings in Hartford, Connecticut. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of 200 parents and their 212 children, aged 2-12. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adult obesity (Body Mass Index [BMI] > 30), childhood overweight (BMI-for-age > 95(th) percentile), and household food security (U.S. Department of Agriculture module). ANALYSIS: Chi-square tests between weight status and socioeconomic characteristics. Multinomial regression analyses to determine risk factors for adult obesity and childhood overweight. RESULTS: Over half of parents (51%) were obese, and almost one-third of children (31.6%) were overweight. Over half of households were food insecure. Food insecure adults were significantly more likely to be obese as those who were food secure (Odds Ratio [OR]=2.45, p = .02). Being a girl and having an obese parent doubled the likelihood of children being overweight (OR=2.56, P = .01; OR=2.32, P = .03). Children with family incomes below 100% of poverty were half as likely to be overweight as those with higher incomes (OR=.47, P = .05). Food insecurity did not increase odds of childhood overweight. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Obesity prevention programs and policies need to address food insecurity and gender as key risk factors. SN - 1499-4046 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17276325/Food_insecurity_and_gender_are_risk_factors_for_obesity_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1499-4046(06)00603-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -