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Sources of the very-long-chain unsaturated omega-3 fatty acids: eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid.
Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2007 Mar; 10(2):123-8.CO

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW

We assess the toxicological, environmental and economic aspects of sources of fish oil and omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 fatty acids).

RECENT FINDINGS

Fish oils are the most common source of the very-long-chain n-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, which have protective and beneficial effects on conditions such as cardiovascular, inflammatory, or neurological diseases. Fish oils can also be potential hazards for human health, because of external pollutants bio-accumulating in fish. Wild and farmed fish are generally both similar in n-3 fatty acid content but may vary in terms of potential toxins. Reports on aquaculture and fish oil production, and other sources of n-3 fatty acids, are reviewed to assess which may be more suitable economically and ecologically for higher fish oil production and availability.

SUMMARY

Although today's fish oil production meets demand, it is likely that this will not be able to increase without adversely affecting the world's wild stock of fish. Neither wild nor farmed fish constitute a sustainable source of n-3 fatty acids for supplementation. Solutions may be found through the evolution of the current aquaculture system or the utilization of alternative manufacturing sources for increasing intakes of n-3 fatty acids.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Agronomie et des Industries Alimentaires, Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy Cedex, France.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17284998

Citation

Racine, Radjini A., and Richard J. Deckelbaum. "Sources of the Very-long-chain Unsaturated Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Eicosapentaenoic Acid and Docosahexaenoic Acid." Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, vol. 10, no. 2, 2007, pp. 123-8.
Racine RA, Deckelbaum RJ. Sources of the very-long-chain unsaturated omega-3 fatty acids: eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2007;10(2):123-8.
Racine, R. A., & Deckelbaum, R. J. (2007). Sources of the very-long-chain unsaturated omega-3 fatty acids: eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, 10(2), 123-8.
Racine RA, Deckelbaum RJ. Sources of the Very-long-chain Unsaturated Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Eicosapentaenoic Acid and Docosahexaenoic Acid. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2007;10(2):123-8. PubMed PMID: 17284998.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sources of the very-long-chain unsaturated omega-3 fatty acids: eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid. AU - Racine,Radjini A, AU - Deckelbaum,Richard J, PY - 2007/2/8/pubmed PY - 2007/5/1/medline PY - 2007/2/8/entrez SP - 123 EP - 8 JF - Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care JO - Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care VL - 10 IS - 2 N2 - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We assess the toxicological, environmental and economic aspects of sources of fish oil and omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 fatty acids). RECENT FINDINGS: Fish oils are the most common source of the very-long-chain n-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, which have protective and beneficial effects on conditions such as cardiovascular, inflammatory, or neurological diseases. Fish oils can also be potential hazards for human health, because of external pollutants bio-accumulating in fish. Wild and farmed fish are generally both similar in n-3 fatty acid content but may vary in terms of potential toxins. Reports on aquaculture and fish oil production, and other sources of n-3 fatty acids, are reviewed to assess which may be more suitable economically and ecologically for higher fish oil production and availability. SUMMARY: Although today's fish oil production meets demand, it is likely that this will not be able to increase without adversely affecting the world's wild stock of fish. Neither wild nor farmed fish constitute a sustainable source of n-3 fatty acids for supplementation. Solutions may be found through the evolution of the current aquaculture system or the utilization of alternative manufacturing sources for increasing intakes of n-3 fatty acids. SN - 1363-1950 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17284998/Sources_of_the_very_long_chain_unsaturated_omega_3_fatty_acids:_eicosapentaenoic_acid_and_docosahexaenoic_acid_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/MCO.0b013e3280129652 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -