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Six-month changes in spirituality, religiousness, and heavy drinking in a treatment-seeking sample.
J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2007; 68(2):282-90JS

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This descriptive and exploratory study investigated change in alcoholics' spirituality and/or religiousness (S/R) from treatment entry to 6 months later and whether those changes were associated with drinking outcomes.

METHOD

Longitudinal survey data were collected from 123 outpatients with alcohol use disorders (66% male; mean age = 39; 83% white) on 10 measures of S/R, covering behaviors, beliefs, and experiences, including the Daily Spiritual Experiences and Purpose in Life scales. Drinking behaviors were assessed with the Timeline Followback interview. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) participation and attendance were also measured.

RESULTS

Over 6 months, there were statistically significant increases in half of the S/R measures, specifically the Daily Spiritual Experiences scale, the Purpose in Life scale, S/R practices scale, Forgiveness scale, and the Positive Religious Coping scale. There were also clinically and statistically significant decreases in alcohol use. Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that increases in Daily Spiritual Experiences and in Purpose in Life scores were associated with increased odds of no heavy drinking at 6 months, even after controlling for AA involvement and gender.

CONCLUSIONS

In the first 6 months of recovery, many dimensions of S/R increased, particularly those associated with behaviors and experiences. Values, beliefs, self-assessed religiousness, perceptions of God, and the use of negative religious coping did not change. Increases in day-to-day experiences of spirituality and sense of purpose/meaning in life were associated with absence of heavy drinking at 6 months, regardless of gender and AA involvement. The results of this descriptive study support the perspective of many clinicians and recovering individuals that changes in alcoholics' S/R occur in recovery and that such changes are important to sobriety.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Addiction Research Center, University of Michigan, 4250 Plymouth Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5740, USA. earrobin@umich.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17286347

Citation

Robinson, Elizabeth A R., et al. "Six-month Changes in Spirituality, Religiousness, and Heavy Drinking in a Treatment-seeking Sample." Journal of Studies On Alcohol and Drugs, vol. 68, no. 2, 2007, pp. 282-90.
Robinson EA, Cranford JA, Webb JR, et al. Six-month changes in spirituality, religiousness, and heavy drinking in a treatment-seeking sample. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2007;68(2):282-90.
Robinson, E. A., Cranford, J. A., Webb, J. R., & Brower, K. J. (2007). Six-month changes in spirituality, religiousness, and heavy drinking in a treatment-seeking sample. Journal of Studies On Alcohol and Drugs, 68(2), pp. 282-90.
Robinson EA, et al. Six-month Changes in Spirituality, Religiousness, and Heavy Drinking in a Treatment-seeking Sample. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2007;68(2):282-90. PubMed PMID: 17286347.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Six-month changes in spirituality, religiousness, and heavy drinking in a treatment-seeking sample. AU - Robinson,Elizabeth A R, AU - Cranford,James A, AU - Webb,Jon R, AU - Brower,Kirk J, PY - 2007/2/9/pubmed PY - 2007/5/3/medline PY - 2007/2/9/entrez SP - 282 EP - 90 JF - Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs JO - J Stud Alcohol Drugs VL - 68 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This descriptive and exploratory study investigated change in alcoholics' spirituality and/or religiousness (S/R) from treatment entry to 6 months later and whether those changes were associated with drinking outcomes. METHOD: Longitudinal survey data were collected from 123 outpatients with alcohol use disorders (66% male; mean age = 39; 83% white) on 10 measures of S/R, covering behaviors, beliefs, and experiences, including the Daily Spiritual Experiences and Purpose in Life scales. Drinking behaviors were assessed with the Timeline Followback interview. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) participation and attendance were also measured. RESULTS: Over 6 months, there were statistically significant increases in half of the S/R measures, specifically the Daily Spiritual Experiences scale, the Purpose in Life scale, S/R practices scale, Forgiveness scale, and the Positive Religious Coping scale. There were also clinically and statistically significant decreases in alcohol use. Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that increases in Daily Spiritual Experiences and in Purpose in Life scores were associated with increased odds of no heavy drinking at 6 months, even after controlling for AA involvement and gender. CONCLUSIONS: In the first 6 months of recovery, many dimensions of S/R increased, particularly those associated with behaviors and experiences. Values, beliefs, self-assessed religiousness, perceptions of God, and the use of negative religious coping did not change. Increases in day-to-day experiences of spirituality and sense of purpose/meaning in life were associated with absence of heavy drinking at 6 months, regardless of gender and AA involvement. The results of this descriptive study support the perspective of many clinicians and recovering individuals that changes in alcoholics' S/R occur in recovery and that such changes are important to sobriety. SN - 1937-1888 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17286347/Six_month_changes_in_spirituality_religiousness_and_heavy_drinking_in_a_treatment_seeking_sample_ L2 - https://www.jsad.com/doi/abs/10.15288/jsad.2007.68.282 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -