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Motor and gestural performance in children with autism spectrum disorders, developmental coordination disorder, and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2007 Mar; 13(2):246-56.JI

Abstract

Motor and gestural skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), developmental coordination disorder (DCD), and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were investigated. A total of 49 children with ASD, 46 children with DCD, 38 children with DCD+ADHD, 27 children with ADHD, and 78 typically developing control children participated. Motor skills were assessed with the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency Short Form, and gestural skills were assessed using a test that required children to produce meaningful gestures to command and imitation. Children with ASD, DCD, and DCD+ADHD were significantly impaired on motor coordination skills; however, only children with ASD showed a generalized impairment in gestural performance. Examination of types of gestural errors revealed that children with ASD made significantly more incorrect action and orientation errors to command, and significantly more orientation and distortion errors to imitation than children with DCD, DCD+ADHD, ADHD, and typically developing control children. These findings suggest that gestural impairments displayed by the children with ASD were not solely attributable to deficits in motor coordination skills.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. deborah.dewey@calgaryhealthregion.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17286882

Citation

Dewey, Deborah, et al. "Motor and Gestural Performance in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Developmental Coordination Disorder, And/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder." Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS, vol. 13, no. 2, 2007, pp. 246-56.
Dewey D, Cantell M, Crawford SG. Motor and gestural performance in children with autism spectrum disorders, developmental coordination disorder, and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2007;13(2):246-56.
Dewey, D., Cantell, M., & Crawford, S. G. (2007). Motor and gestural performance in children with autism spectrum disorders, developmental coordination disorder, and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS, 13(2), 246-56.
Dewey D, Cantell M, Crawford SG. Motor and Gestural Performance in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Developmental Coordination Disorder, And/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2007;13(2):246-56. PubMed PMID: 17286882.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Motor and gestural performance in children with autism spectrum disorders, developmental coordination disorder, and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. AU - Dewey,Deborah, AU - Cantell,Marja, AU - Crawford,Susan G, PY - 2006/02/27/received PY - 2006/08/24/revised PY - 2006/08/30/accepted PY - 2007/2/9/pubmed PY - 2007/5/2/medline PY - 2007/2/9/entrez SP - 246 EP - 56 JF - Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS JO - J Int Neuropsychol Soc VL - 13 IS - 2 N2 - Motor and gestural skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), developmental coordination disorder (DCD), and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were investigated. A total of 49 children with ASD, 46 children with DCD, 38 children with DCD+ADHD, 27 children with ADHD, and 78 typically developing control children participated. Motor skills were assessed with the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency Short Form, and gestural skills were assessed using a test that required children to produce meaningful gestures to command and imitation. Children with ASD, DCD, and DCD+ADHD were significantly impaired on motor coordination skills; however, only children with ASD showed a generalized impairment in gestural performance. Examination of types of gestural errors revealed that children with ASD made significantly more incorrect action and orientation errors to command, and significantly more orientation and distortion errors to imitation than children with DCD, DCD+ADHD, ADHD, and typically developing control children. These findings suggest that gestural impairments displayed by the children with ASD were not solely attributable to deficits in motor coordination skills. SN - 1355-6177 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17286882/Motor_and_gestural_performance_in_children_with_autism_spectrum_disorders_developmental_coordination_disorder_and/or_attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -