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Tungiasis: more than an exotic nuisance.
Travel Med Infect Dis. 2003 Aug; 1(3):159-66.TM

Abstract

Tungiasis is a parasitic and zoonotic skin disease caused by the sand flea Tunga penetrans-also called the jigger flea, which burrows into human skin, usually on the feet. The ectoparasitosis occurs in many economically depressed communities in the Caribbean, South America and Africa, and affects sporadically travellers to endemic areas. Usually, only one or two lesions are found in travellers, whereas the local populations commonly harbour dozens, sometimes even hundreds of lesions, associated with severe morbidity. We review case reports of tungiasis in returned travellers in terms of history, epidemiological and clinical aspects, and the importance of the ectoparasitosis for travel medicine is discussed. It is concluded that tungiasis is more than merely an exotic nuisance, since it is an important health problem in endemic areas. Untrained dermatologists can diagnose and treat tungiasis properly; fleas should be extracted as early as possible to avoid secondary infections.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Medicine, Centre for Humanities and Health Sciences, Institute for International Health, Free University of Berlin, Fabeckstr. 60-62, Berlin, Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17291909

Citation

Franck, Sabine, et al. "Tungiasis: More Than an Exotic Nuisance." Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, vol. 1, no. 3, 2003, pp. 159-66.
Franck S, Feldmeier H, Heukelbach J. Tungiasis: more than an exotic nuisance. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2003;1(3):159-66.
Franck, S., Feldmeier, H., & Heukelbach, J. (2003). Tungiasis: more than an exotic nuisance. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, 1(3), 159-66.
Franck S, Feldmeier H, Heukelbach J. Tungiasis: More Than an Exotic Nuisance. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2003;1(3):159-66. PubMed PMID: 17291909.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Tungiasis: more than an exotic nuisance. AU - Franck,Sabine, AU - Feldmeier,Hermann, AU - Heukelbach,Jörg, PY - 2003/07/22/received PY - 2003/09/22/revised PY - 2003/09/22/accepted PY - 2003/07/22/received PY - 2003/09/22/revised PY - 2003/09/22/accepted PY - 2007/2/13/pubmed PY - 2007/2/13/medline PY - 2007/2/13/entrez SP - 159 EP - 66 JF - Travel medicine and infectious disease JO - Travel Med Infect Dis VL - 1 IS - 3 N2 - Tungiasis is a parasitic and zoonotic skin disease caused by the sand flea Tunga penetrans-also called the jigger flea, which burrows into human skin, usually on the feet. The ectoparasitosis occurs in many economically depressed communities in the Caribbean, South America and Africa, and affects sporadically travellers to endemic areas. Usually, only one or two lesions are found in travellers, whereas the local populations commonly harbour dozens, sometimes even hundreds of lesions, associated with severe morbidity. We review case reports of tungiasis in returned travellers in terms of history, epidemiological and clinical aspects, and the importance of the ectoparasitosis for travel medicine is discussed. It is concluded that tungiasis is more than merely an exotic nuisance, since it is an important health problem in endemic areas. Untrained dermatologists can diagnose and treat tungiasis properly; fleas should be extracted as early as possible to avoid secondary infections. SN - 1477-8939 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17291909/Tungiasis:_more_than_an_exotic_nuisance_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1477-8939(03)00081-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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