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Role of peripartum dietary propylene glycol or protected fats on metabolism and early postpartum ovarian follicles.
J Dairy Sci. 2007 Mar; 90(3):1243-54.JD

Abstract

Eighty multiparous cows were used to test the effects of feeding a supplement containing 55% dry propylene glycol (PGLY), prilled fat (PrFA) containing a low proportion of unsaturated fatty acids (FA), or calcium soaps of long-chain FA (CaLFA) containing a high proportion of unsaturated FA on energy balance (EB), blood metabolites, and early postpartum (PP) ovarian follicles. Dry cows (256 d pregnant) were divided into 6 groups and began the following dietary treatments: 1) control group, fed a dry cow diet and fed a lactating cow diet PP; 2) PGLY group, diet supplemented with 500 g/d per cow of dry PGLY prepartum through 21 d in milk; 3) PrFA:control group, diet supplemented with 230 g/d per cow of PrFA prepartum and fed the control diet PP; 4) PrFA:PrFA group, diet supplemented with 230 g/d per cow of PrFA prepartum through 21 d in milk; 5) CaLFA:control, supplemented with 215 g/d per cow of CaLFA prepartum and fed the control diet PP; 6) CaLFA:CaLFA, supplemented with 215 g/d per cow of CaLFA prepartum through 21 d in milk. Follicular fluid was aspirated from follicles > or = 6 mm on d 12 PP. The daily average calculated EB during the first 21 d in milk was lower in the PrFA:PrFA (-4.16 Mcal/d) and CaLFA:CaLFA (-3.64 Mcal/d) groups than in the control (-1.71 Mcal/d) and PGLY (-2.19 Mcal/d) groups. Postpartum plasma beta-hydroxybutyrate was higher, and insulin concentrations were lower in the PrFA:PrFA (6.2 mg/dL and 126.1 pg/mL, respectively) and CaLFA:CaLFA (7.0 mg/dL and 130.7 pg/mL) groups than in the control (4.5 mg/dL and 274.5 pg/mL) and PGLY (4.3 mg/dL and 272.6 pg/mL) groups, whereas nonesterified FA concentrations were higher only than the control group. Postpartum nonesterified FA were 21% lower and insulin plasma concentrations were 86% higher in the CaLFA:control group as compared with the PrFA:control group. The progesterone concentrations in the follicular fluid of estradiol-active follicles were higher in the CaLFA:CaLFA (200.7 ng/mL) group than in all other groups (57.3 to 92.4 ng/mL), and androstenedione and estradiol concentrations were higher (54.2 and 1,049.1 ng/mL, respectively) than in the PGLY (15.5 and 440.1 ng/mL), PrFA:control (22.6 and 314.1 ng/mL), and CaLFA:control (17.5 and 451.9 ng/mL) groups. In conclusion, supplementation of protected fat during the peripartum period negatively affected the EB status of the cows. Neither fat supplementation nor PGLY influenced the development of ovarian follicles during the early PP period, but feeding fat containing a high ratio of unsaturated FA (CaLFA) increased progesterone concentrations in estradiol-active follicles that were aspirated at 12 d in milk.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dairy Cattle, Institute of Animal Sciences, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250 Israel. uzim@volcani.agri.gov.ilNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17297101

Citation

Moallem, U, et al. "Role of Peripartum Dietary Propylene Glycol or Protected Fats On Metabolism and Early Postpartum Ovarian Follicles." Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 90, no. 3, 2007, pp. 1243-54.
Moallem U, Katz M, Lehrer H, et al. Role of peripartum dietary propylene glycol or protected fats on metabolism and early postpartum ovarian follicles. J Dairy Sci. 2007;90(3):1243-54.
Moallem, U., Katz, M., Lehrer, H., Livshitz, L., & Yakoby, S. (2007). Role of peripartum dietary propylene glycol or protected fats on metabolism and early postpartum ovarian follicles. Journal of Dairy Science, 90(3), 1243-54.
Moallem U, et al. Role of Peripartum Dietary Propylene Glycol or Protected Fats On Metabolism and Early Postpartum Ovarian Follicles. J Dairy Sci. 2007;90(3):1243-54. PubMed PMID: 17297101.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Role of peripartum dietary propylene glycol or protected fats on metabolism and early postpartum ovarian follicles. AU - Moallem,U, AU - Katz,M, AU - Lehrer,H, AU - Livshitz,L, AU - Yakoby,S, PY - 2007/2/14/pubmed PY - 2008/9/16/medline PY - 2007/2/14/entrez SP - 1243 EP - 54 JF - Journal of dairy science JO - J Dairy Sci VL - 90 IS - 3 N2 - Eighty multiparous cows were used to test the effects of feeding a supplement containing 55% dry propylene glycol (PGLY), prilled fat (PrFA) containing a low proportion of unsaturated fatty acids (FA), or calcium soaps of long-chain FA (CaLFA) containing a high proportion of unsaturated FA on energy balance (EB), blood metabolites, and early postpartum (PP) ovarian follicles. Dry cows (256 d pregnant) were divided into 6 groups and began the following dietary treatments: 1) control group, fed a dry cow diet and fed a lactating cow diet PP; 2) PGLY group, diet supplemented with 500 g/d per cow of dry PGLY prepartum through 21 d in milk; 3) PrFA:control group, diet supplemented with 230 g/d per cow of PrFA prepartum and fed the control diet PP; 4) PrFA:PrFA group, diet supplemented with 230 g/d per cow of PrFA prepartum through 21 d in milk; 5) CaLFA:control, supplemented with 215 g/d per cow of CaLFA prepartum and fed the control diet PP; 6) CaLFA:CaLFA, supplemented with 215 g/d per cow of CaLFA prepartum through 21 d in milk. Follicular fluid was aspirated from follicles > or = 6 mm on d 12 PP. The daily average calculated EB during the first 21 d in milk was lower in the PrFA:PrFA (-4.16 Mcal/d) and CaLFA:CaLFA (-3.64 Mcal/d) groups than in the control (-1.71 Mcal/d) and PGLY (-2.19 Mcal/d) groups. Postpartum plasma beta-hydroxybutyrate was higher, and insulin concentrations were lower in the PrFA:PrFA (6.2 mg/dL and 126.1 pg/mL, respectively) and CaLFA:CaLFA (7.0 mg/dL and 130.7 pg/mL) groups than in the control (4.5 mg/dL and 274.5 pg/mL) and PGLY (4.3 mg/dL and 272.6 pg/mL) groups, whereas nonesterified FA concentrations were higher only than the control group. Postpartum nonesterified FA were 21% lower and insulin plasma concentrations were 86% higher in the CaLFA:control group as compared with the PrFA:control group. The progesterone concentrations in the follicular fluid of estradiol-active follicles were higher in the CaLFA:CaLFA (200.7 ng/mL) group than in all other groups (57.3 to 92.4 ng/mL), and androstenedione and estradiol concentrations were higher (54.2 and 1,049.1 ng/mL, respectively) than in the PGLY (15.5 and 440.1 ng/mL), PrFA:control (22.6 and 314.1 ng/mL), and CaLFA:control (17.5 and 451.9 ng/mL) groups. In conclusion, supplementation of protected fat during the peripartum period negatively affected the EB status of the cows. Neither fat supplementation nor PGLY influenced the development of ovarian follicles during the early PP period, but feeding fat containing a high ratio of unsaturated FA (CaLFA) increased progesterone concentrations in estradiol-active follicles that were aspirated at 12 d in milk. SN - 1525-3198 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17297101/Role_of_peripartum_dietary_propylene_glycol_or_protected_fats_on_metabolism_and_early_postpartum_ovarian_follicles_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-0302(07)71613-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -