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Factors related to adolescents' estimation of peer smoking prevalence.
Health Educ Res. 2008 Feb; 23(1):81-93.HE

Abstract

Although adolescents who overestimate peer smoking prevalence are more likely to smoke, little research has focused on the factors associated with why the majority of adolescents overestimate peer smoking rate. The purpose of this study was to examine demographic, social, environmental and behavioural characteristics related to overestimation of peer smoking prevalence among secondary school students. The current study analysed data collected in two Canadian studies that used the Tobacco Module of the School Health Action, Planning and Evaluation System, a school-based questionnaire. One study surveyed 23 458 students (Grades 9-13) in 29 schools during 2001-02, and the other surveyed 25 452 students in 39 schools in 2003. Results of multiple logistic regression indicate that grade, gender, close friends' smoking, seeing smoking at school, family members' smoking, smoking in the home and smoking status have a clear association with overestimation; school smoking rate and susceptibility to smoking show a tentative relationship and warrant further study. Other factors may also be important for prevalence estimation, and further research is needed to identify these factors. Since adolescents tend to overestimate peer smoking prevalence and perceived prevalence is in turn linked to smoking behaviour, interventions should focus on creating realistic perceptions of smoking prevalence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. jl3reid@uwaterloo.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17301057

Citation

Reid, J L., et al. "Factors Related to Adolescents' Estimation of Peer Smoking Prevalence." Health Education Research, vol. 23, no. 1, 2008, pp. 81-93.
Reid JL, Manske SR, Leatherdale ST. Factors related to adolescents' estimation of peer smoking prevalence. Health Educ Res. 2008;23(1):81-93.
Reid, J. L., Manske, S. R., & Leatherdale, S. T. (2008). Factors related to adolescents' estimation of peer smoking prevalence. Health Education Research, 23(1), 81-93.
Reid JL, Manske SR, Leatherdale ST. Factors Related to Adolescents' Estimation of Peer Smoking Prevalence. Health Educ Res. 2008;23(1):81-93. PubMed PMID: 17301057.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Factors related to adolescents' estimation of peer smoking prevalence. AU - Reid,J L, AU - Manske,S R, AU - Leatherdale,S T, Y1 - 2007/02/13/ PY - 2007/2/16/pubmed PY - 2008/3/18/medline PY - 2007/2/16/entrez SP - 81 EP - 93 JF - Health education research JO - Health Educ Res VL - 23 IS - 1 N2 - Although adolescents who overestimate peer smoking prevalence are more likely to smoke, little research has focused on the factors associated with why the majority of adolescents overestimate peer smoking rate. The purpose of this study was to examine demographic, social, environmental and behavioural characteristics related to overestimation of peer smoking prevalence among secondary school students. The current study analysed data collected in two Canadian studies that used the Tobacco Module of the School Health Action, Planning and Evaluation System, a school-based questionnaire. One study surveyed 23 458 students (Grades 9-13) in 29 schools during 2001-02, and the other surveyed 25 452 students in 39 schools in 2003. Results of multiple logistic regression indicate that grade, gender, close friends' smoking, seeing smoking at school, family members' smoking, smoking in the home and smoking status have a clear association with overestimation; school smoking rate and susceptibility to smoking show a tentative relationship and warrant further study. Other factors may also be important for prevalence estimation, and further research is needed to identify these factors. Since adolescents tend to overestimate peer smoking prevalence and perceived prevalence is in turn linked to smoking behaviour, interventions should focus on creating realistic perceptions of smoking prevalence. SN - 0268-1153 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17301057/Factors_related_to_adolescents'_estimation_of_peer_smoking_prevalence_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/her/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/her/cym006 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -