Recent developments in bisphosphonate therapy.Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Aug; 37(1):1-12.SA
To provide a review of current developments in bisphosphonates indicated for the treatment of several rheumatologic conditions, including postmenopausal and glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis.
This review summarizes the pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of both postmenopausal and glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis and examines the results of current clinical trials of the newest oral and intravenous formulations of nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates. We discuss important adverse events, including upper gastrointestinal symptoms and osteonecrosis of the jaw. Additionally, we explore methods that may improve patient adherence to bisphosphonate therapy, which is currently suboptimal.
Clinical studies have shown that oral bisphosphonates are efficacious in increasing bone mineral density and reducing risk of fracture. Despite concerns of upper gastrointestinal irritation, most of the newer oral bisphosphonates display a safety profile similar to placebo. Many of the newest formulations offer patients a choice in both dosing frequency and method of administration (either oral or intravenous).
Nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates are important therapeutic options for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.