Analysis of abietic acid and dehydroabietic acid in food samples by in-tube solid-phase microextraction coupled with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.J Chromatogr A. 2007 Mar 30; 1146(1):61-6.JC
A simple and sensitive method for the determination of abietic acid and dehydroabietic acid in food samples was developed using a fully automated method consisting of in-tube solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS). These compounds were separated within 5min by HPLC using an ODS-3 column and 5mM ammonium formate/acetonitrile (10/90, v/v). Electrospray ionization conditions in the negative ion mode were optimized for MS detection of abietic acid and dehydroabietic acid. The optimum in-tube SPME conditions were 20draw/eject cycles of 40microL of sample using a Supel Q PLOT capillary column as an extraction device. The extracted compounds were easily desorbed from the capillary by passage of the mobile phase, and no carryover was observed. Using the in-tube SPME LC/MS method, good linearity of the calibration curve (r>0.9998) was obtained in the concentration range from 0 to 50ng/mL, and the detection limits (S/N=3) of abietic acid and dehydroabietic acid were 2.9 and 2.1pg/mL, respectively. The in-tube SPME method showed above 75-fold greater sensitivity than the direct injection method (5microL injection). This method was applied successfully to analysis of food samples without interference peaks. The recoveries of abietic acid and dehydroabietic acid spiked into liquid samples were above 79%, and the relative standard deviations were below 6.6%. These compounds were detected at ng/mL or ng/g levels in various liquid or solid food samples contacted with paper.