Structural determination of the novel fragmentation routes of zwitteronic morphine opiate antagonists naloxonazine and naloxone hydrochlorides using electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2007; 21(6):1062-74.RC
Electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight (ESI-QqToF) mass spectra of the zwitteronic salts naloxonazine dihydrochloride 1 and naloxone hydrochloride 2, a common series of morphine opiate receptor antagonists, were recorded using different declustering potentials. The singly charged ion [M+H-2HCl](+) at m/z 651.3170 and the doubly charged ion [M+2H-2HCl](2+) at m/z 326.1700 were noted for naloxonazine dihydrochloride 1; and the singly charged ion [M+H-HCl](+) at m/z 328.1541 was observed for naloxone hydrochloride 2. Low-energy collision-induced dissociation tandem mass spectrometry (CID-MS/MS) experiments established the fragmentation routes of these compounds. In addition to the characteristic diagnostic product ions obtained, we noticed the formation of a series of radical product ions for the zwitteronic compounds 1 and 2, and also the formation of a distonic ion product formed from the singly charged ion [M+H-HCl](+) of naloxone hydrochloride 2. Confirmation of the various established fragmentation routes was effected by conducting a series of ESI-CID-QqTof-MS/MS product ion scans, which were initiated by CID in the atmospheric pressure/vacuum interface using a higher declustering potential. Deuterium labeling was also performed on the zwitteronic salts 1 and 2, in which the hydrogen atoms of the OH and NH groups were exchanged with deuterium atoms. Low-energy CID-QqTof-MS/MS product ion scans of the singly charged and doubly charged deuteriated molecules confirmed the initial fragmentation patterns proposed for the protonated molecules. Precursor ion scan analyses were also performed with a conventional quadrupole-hexapole-quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer and allowed the confirmation of the genesis of some diagnostic ions.