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Relation between hydration status in children and their dietary profile - results from the DONALD study.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe associations between hydration status and dietary behaviour in children, as current research indicates that hydration status is influenced by nutrition vice versa, hydration status may influence dietary behaviour.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional analyses of data from the Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed Study, (DONALD) using 24-h urine samples to determine the hydration status and 3-day weighed food records to describe the dietary profile of the children.

SETTING

Secondary analyses of data from an observational study.

SUBJECTS

A group of 4-11 year old children living in Dortmund, Germany; N=717.

METHODS

Hydration status was determined by calculating the 'free water reserve', using analyses of the 24-h urine samples. Nutrient intake per day was calculated from the 3-day weighed food records. Children were categorized into groups of hydration status and analysed for significant differences in their dietary profile.

RESULTS

Children in the highest group of the hydration status had significant higher total water intake, lower energy density of the diet and a lower proportion of metabolic water compared to children in the lowest group of the hydration status. In addition, analyses showed - although not significant in all subgroups - that better hydrated children consumed more water from beverages and water-supplying foods and less energy from fat.

CONCLUSIONS

Euhydrated children, that are children in the highest group of hydration status, had a more preferable dietary profile than children at risk of insufficient hydration.

SPONSORSHIP

Funding for the DONALD Study and its analyses is provided by the Ministry of Innovation, Science, Research and Technology of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Nutrition and Health, Research Institute of Child Nutrition, Dortmund, Germany.

    , ,

    Source

    European journal of clinical nutrition 61:12 2007 Dec pg 1386-92

    MeSH

    Beverages
    Body Weight
    Child
    Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
    Child, Preschool
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Diet Records
    Drinking
    Energy Intake
    Female
    Germany
    Humans
    Male
    Nutrition Surveys
    Nutritional Status
    Obesity
    Urinalysis
    Water

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    17311062

    Citation

    Stahl, A, et al. "Relation Between Hydration Status in Children and Their Dietary Profile - Results From the DONALD Study." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 61, no. 12, 2007, pp. 1386-92.
    Stahl A, Kroke A, Bolzenius K, et al. Relation between hydration status in children and their dietary profile - results from the DONALD study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2007;61(12):1386-92.
    Stahl, A., Kroke, A., Bolzenius, K., & Manz, F. (2007). Relation between hydration status in children and their dietary profile - results from the DONALD study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 61(12), pp. 1386-92.
    Stahl A, et al. Relation Between Hydration Status in Children and Their Dietary Profile - Results From the DONALD Study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2007;61(12):1386-92. PubMed PMID: 17311062.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Relation between hydration status in children and their dietary profile - results from the DONALD study. AU - Stahl,A, AU - Kroke,A, AU - Bolzenius,K, AU - Manz,F, Y1 - 2007/02/21/ PY - 2007/2/22/pubmed PY - 2008/2/20/medline PY - 2007/2/22/entrez SP - 1386 EP - 92 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 61 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe associations between hydration status and dietary behaviour in children, as current research indicates that hydration status is influenced by nutrition vice versa, hydration status may influence dietary behaviour. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses of data from the Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed Study, (DONALD) using 24-h urine samples to determine the hydration status and 3-day weighed food records to describe the dietary profile of the children. SETTING: Secondary analyses of data from an observational study. SUBJECTS: A group of 4-11 year old children living in Dortmund, Germany; N=717. METHODS: Hydration status was determined by calculating the 'free water reserve', using analyses of the 24-h urine samples. Nutrient intake per day was calculated from the 3-day weighed food records. Children were categorized into groups of hydration status and analysed for significant differences in their dietary profile. RESULTS: Children in the highest group of the hydration status had significant higher total water intake, lower energy density of the diet and a lower proportion of metabolic water compared to children in the lowest group of the hydration status. In addition, analyses showed - although not significant in all subgroups - that better hydrated children consumed more water from beverages and water-supplying foods and less energy from fat. CONCLUSIONS: Euhydrated children, that are children in the highest group of hydration status, had a more preferable dietary profile than children at risk of insufficient hydration. SPONSORSHIP: Funding for the DONALD Study and its analyses is provided by the Ministry of Innovation, Science, Research and Technology of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17311062/Relation_between_hydration_status_in_children_and_their_dietary_profile___results_from_the_DONALD_study_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602663 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -