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Blood lead levels of Jamaican children island-wide.
Sci Total Environ. 2007 Mar 15; 374(2-3):235-41.ST

Abstract

An island-wide survey of 1081 basic school children, mainly in the age group 2-6 years, is reported. The range of blood lead levels (BLLs) was 1.4 to 202 microg/dL with arithmetic and geometric means of 7.3 microg/dL (standard deviation, 13 microg/dL) and 4.35 microg/dL respectively. Two hundred and thirty children were identified with blood lead levels above 10 microg/dL and among these, 80 were provided with medical attention and of eleven who received chelation, six children were desperately ill from acute lead poisoning necessitating repeated sessions of chelation therapy. The higher blood lead values were found mainly in poor areas of the urban Kingston and St. Andrew Corporate Area, and in St. Catherine where there remain observable though reduced effects from a lead-contaminated area. Environmental interventions, including building an increased national awareness, have also been carried out to reduce the immediate and future dangers of lead poisoning. The most important source of the lead exposure is the recovery of lead from old automobile batteries and even a quite small smelter can contaminate a significant area. Further work is in progress to identify and examine historical and active smelter sites, their possible effects on childhood health, and their remediation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

International Centre for Environmental and Nuclear Sciences, University of the West Indies, Mona, Kingston 7, Jamaica. gerald.lalor@uwimona.edu.jmNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17313971

Citation

Lalor, Gerald, et al. "Blood Lead Levels of Jamaican Children Island-wide." The Science of the Total Environment, vol. 374, no. 2-3, 2007, pp. 235-41.
Lalor G, Vutchkov M, Bryan S. Blood lead levels of Jamaican children island-wide. Sci Total Environ. 2007;374(2-3):235-41.
Lalor, G., Vutchkov, M., & Bryan, S. (2007). Blood lead levels of Jamaican children island-wide. The Science of the Total Environment, 374(2-3), 235-41.
Lalor G, Vutchkov M, Bryan S. Blood Lead Levels of Jamaican Children Island-wide. Sci Total Environ. 2007 Mar 15;374(2-3):235-41. PubMed PMID: 17313971.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Blood lead levels of Jamaican children island-wide. AU - Lalor,Gerald, AU - Vutchkov,Mitko, AU - Bryan,Sean, Y1 - 2007/02/20/ PY - 2006/08/11/received PY - 2006/10/11/revised PY - 2006/12/14/accepted PY - 2007/2/23/pubmed PY - 2007/5/3/medline PY - 2007/2/23/entrez SP - 235 EP - 41 JF - The Science of the total environment JO - Sci Total Environ VL - 374 IS - 2-3 N2 - An island-wide survey of 1081 basic school children, mainly in the age group 2-6 years, is reported. The range of blood lead levels (BLLs) was 1.4 to 202 microg/dL with arithmetic and geometric means of 7.3 microg/dL (standard deviation, 13 microg/dL) and 4.35 microg/dL respectively. Two hundred and thirty children were identified with blood lead levels above 10 microg/dL and among these, 80 were provided with medical attention and of eleven who received chelation, six children were desperately ill from acute lead poisoning necessitating repeated sessions of chelation therapy. The higher blood lead values were found mainly in poor areas of the urban Kingston and St. Andrew Corporate Area, and in St. Catherine where there remain observable though reduced effects from a lead-contaminated area. Environmental interventions, including building an increased national awareness, have also been carried out to reduce the immediate and future dangers of lead poisoning. The most important source of the lead exposure is the recovery of lead from old automobile batteries and even a quite small smelter can contaminate a significant area. Further work is in progress to identify and examine historical and active smelter sites, their possible effects on childhood health, and their remediation. SN - 0048-9697 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17313971/Blood_lead_levels_of_Jamaican_children_island_wide_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0048-9697(06)01000-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -