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A follow-up study on the effects of a milk supplement on bone mineral density of postmenopausal Chinese women in Malaysia.
J Nutr Health Aging 2007 Jan-Feb; 11(1):69-73JN

Abstract

BACKGROUND

A previous study on a randomized controlled trial in 173 postmenopausal Chinese women in Kuala Lumpur showed that milk supplementation was effective to reduce bone loss at the total body, lumbar spine, femoral neck and total hip compared to the control group on a usual diet (Chee et al. 2003).

OBJECTIVE

The objective was to determine whether the results were sustained after the conclusion of the study.

DESIGN

A follow-up study, 18 months after a randomized controlled trial of milk supplementation was concluded. A total of 139 participants were followed up 21 months after the study ended. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the total body, lumbar spine, femoral neck and total hip by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, and anthropometric measurements as well as changes in dietary habits were measured.

RESULTS

At the follow-up, the milk supplement group did not show significant bone loss from baseline at most sites (mean differences +/- SE) (total body 0.42 +/- 0.25%, femoral neck 0.44 +/- 0.58%, total hip -0.06 +/- 0.46%), unlike the control group (total body -1.07 +/- 0.28% p < 0.005, femoral neck -1.49 +/- 0.56% p < 0.05, total hip -0.89 +/- 0.57% p < 0.05). However, both the milk and control groups showed bone loss from baseline at the lumbar spine (milk -2.01%, control -3.29%, p superior 0.05). The calcium intake of the milk group remained significantly higher than the control group (milk 710 mg/day, control 466 mg/day, p < 0.005) despite discontinuation of the milk supplement.

CONCLUSIONS

The results showed that some of the beneficial effects of a milk supplement were still evident at follow-up and it was possible to motivate subjects to adopt a positive change in dietary calcium intake after intervention.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, National University of Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17315084

Citation

Ting, G P., et al. "A Follow-up Study On the Effects of a Milk Supplement On Bone Mineral Density of Postmenopausal Chinese Women in Malaysia." The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, vol. 11, no. 1, 2007, pp. 69-73.
Ting GP, Tan SY, Chan SP, et al. A follow-up study on the effects of a milk supplement on bone mineral density of postmenopausal Chinese women in Malaysia. J Nutr Health Aging. 2007;11(1):69-73.
Ting, G. P., Tan, S. Y., Chan, S. P., Karuthan, C., Zaitun, Y., Suriah, A. R., & Chee, W. S. (2007). A follow-up study on the effects of a milk supplement on bone mineral density of postmenopausal Chinese women in Malaysia. The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 11(1), pp. 69-73.
Ting GP, et al. A Follow-up Study On the Effects of a Milk Supplement On Bone Mineral Density of Postmenopausal Chinese Women in Malaysia. J Nutr Health Aging. 2007;11(1):69-73. PubMed PMID: 17315084.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A follow-up study on the effects of a milk supplement on bone mineral density of postmenopausal Chinese women in Malaysia. AU - Ting,G P, AU - Tan,S Y, AU - Chan,S P, AU - Karuthan,C, AU - Zaitun,Y, AU - Suriah,A R, AU - Chee,W S S, PY - 2007/2/23/pubmed PY - 2007/5/30/medline PY - 2007/2/23/entrez SP - 69 EP - 73 JF - The journal of nutrition, health & aging JO - J Nutr Health Aging VL - 11 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: A previous study on a randomized controlled trial in 173 postmenopausal Chinese women in Kuala Lumpur showed that milk supplementation was effective to reduce bone loss at the total body, lumbar spine, femoral neck and total hip compared to the control group on a usual diet (Chee et al. 2003). OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether the results were sustained after the conclusion of the study. DESIGN: A follow-up study, 18 months after a randomized controlled trial of milk supplementation was concluded. A total of 139 participants were followed up 21 months after the study ended. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the total body, lumbar spine, femoral neck and total hip by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, and anthropometric measurements as well as changes in dietary habits were measured. RESULTS: At the follow-up, the milk supplement group did not show significant bone loss from baseline at most sites (mean differences +/- SE) (total body 0.42 +/- 0.25%, femoral neck 0.44 +/- 0.58%, total hip -0.06 +/- 0.46%), unlike the control group (total body -1.07 +/- 0.28% p < 0.005, femoral neck -1.49 +/- 0.56% p < 0.05, total hip -0.89 +/- 0.57% p < 0.05). However, both the milk and control groups showed bone loss from baseline at the lumbar spine (milk -2.01%, control -3.29%, p superior 0.05). The calcium intake of the milk group remained significantly higher than the control group (milk 710 mg/day, control 466 mg/day, p < 0.005) despite discontinuation of the milk supplement. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that some of the beneficial effects of a milk supplement were still evident at follow-up and it was possible to motivate subjects to adopt a positive change in dietary calcium intake after intervention. SN - 1279-7707 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17315084/A_follow_up_study_on_the_effects_of_a_milk_supplement_on_bone_mineral_density_of_postmenopausal_Chinese_women_in_Malaysia_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/bonedensity.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -