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Youth risk behavior surveillance--selected steps communities, 2005.
MMWR Surveill Summ. 2007 Feb 23; 56(2):1-16.MS

Abstract

PROBLEM

Unhealthy dietary behaviors, physical inactivity, and tobacco use contribute to chronic disease and other health conditions, including obesity, diabetes, and asthma. These behaviors often are established during childhood and adolescence, extend into adulthood, are interrelated, and are preventable.

REPORTING PERIOD COVERED

January-May 2005.

DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM

The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors priority health-risk behaviors, general health status, and the prevalence of overweight and asthma among youth and young adults. YRBSS includes a national school-based survey conducted by CDC and state and local school-based surveys conducted by state and local education and health agencies. As a component of YRBSS, in 2005, communities participating in the Steps to a HealthierUS Cooperative Agreement Program (Steps Program) also conducted school-based surveys of students in grades 9-12 in their program intervention areas. These communities used a modified core questionnaire that asks about dietary behaviors, physical activity, and tobacco use and monitors the prevalence of overweight, diabetes, and asthma. This report summarizes results from surveys of students in 15 Steps communities that conducted surveys in 2005.

RESULTS

Results from the 15 Steps communities indicated that a substantial proportion of adolescents engaged in health risk behaviors associated with obesity, diabetes, and asthma. During 2005, across surveys, the percentage of high school students who had not eaten fruits and vegetables > or =5 times/day during the 7 days preceding the survey ranged from 80.1% to 85.2% (median: 83.1%), the percentage who were overweight ranged from 6.6% to 19.6% (median: 11.5%), the percentage who did not attend physical education classes daily ranged from 53.7% to 95.1% (median: 74.2%), and the percentage who had smoked cigarettes during the 30 days preceding the survey ranged from 9.2% to 26.5% (median: 17.1%).

INTERPRETATION

Although the prevalence of many health-risk behaviors and health conditions varies across Steps communities, a substantial proportion of high school students engage in behaviors that place them at risk for chronic disease.

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION

Steps Program staff at the national, tribal, state, and local levels will use YRBSS data for decision making, program planning, and enhancing technical assistance. These data will be used to focus existing programs on activities with the greatest promise of results, identify opportunities for strategic collaboration, and identify and disseminate lessons learned.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA. nad1@cdc.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17318115

Citation

Brener, Nancy D., et al. "Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance--selected Steps Communities, 2005." Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries (Washington, D.C. : 2002), vol. 56, no. 2, 2007, pp. 1-16.
Brener ND, Kann L, Garcia D, et al. Youth risk behavior surveillance--selected steps communities, 2005. MMWR Surveill Summ. 2007;56(2):1-16.
Brener, N. D., Kann, L., Garcia, D., MacDonald, G., Ramsey, F., Honeycutt, S., Hawkins, J., Kinchen, S., & Harris, W. A. (2007). Youth risk behavior surveillance--selected steps communities, 2005. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries (Washington, D.C. : 2002), 56(2), 1-16.
Brener ND, et al. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance--selected Steps Communities, 2005. MMWR Surveill Summ. 2007 Feb 23;56(2):1-16. PubMed PMID: 17318115.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Youth risk behavior surveillance--selected steps communities, 2005. AU - Brener,Nancy D, AU - Kann,Laura, AU - Garcia,Danyael, AU - MacDonald,Goldie, AU - Ramsey,Fred, AU - Honeycutt,Sally, AU - Hawkins,Joseph, AU - Kinchen,Steve, AU - Harris,William A, AU - ,, PY - 2007/2/24/pubmed PY - 2007/2/27/medline PY - 2007/2/24/entrez SP - 1 EP - 16 JF - Morbidity and mortality weekly report. Surveillance summaries (Washington, D.C. : 2002) JO - MMWR Surveill Summ VL - 56 IS - 2 N2 - PROBLEM: Unhealthy dietary behaviors, physical inactivity, and tobacco use contribute to chronic disease and other health conditions, including obesity, diabetes, and asthma. These behaviors often are established during childhood and adolescence, extend into adulthood, are interrelated, and are preventable. REPORTING PERIOD COVERED: January-May 2005. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors priority health-risk behaviors, general health status, and the prevalence of overweight and asthma among youth and young adults. YRBSS includes a national school-based survey conducted by CDC and state and local school-based surveys conducted by state and local education and health agencies. As a component of YRBSS, in 2005, communities participating in the Steps to a HealthierUS Cooperative Agreement Program (Steps Program) also conducted school-based surveys of students in grades 9-12 in their program intervention areas. These communities used a modified core questionnaire that asks about dietary behaviors, physical activity, and tobacco use and monitors the prevalence of overweight, diabetes, and asthma. This report summarizes results from surveys of students in 15 Steps communities that conducted surveys in 2005. RESULTS: Results from the 15 Steps communities indicated that a substantial proportion of adolescents engaged in health risk behaviors associated with obesity, diabetes, and asthma. During 2005, across surveys, the percentage of high school students who had not eaten fruits and vegetables > or =5 times/day during the 7 days preceding the survey ranged from 80.1% to 85.2% (median: 83.1%), the percentage who were overweight ranged from 6.6% to 19.6% (median: 11.5%), the percentage who did not attend physical education classes daily ranged from 53.7% to 95.1% (median: 74.2%), and the percentage who had smoked cigarettes during the 30 days preceding the survey ranged from 9.2% to 26.5% (median: 17.1%). INTERPRETATION: Although the prevalence of many health-risk behaviors and health conditions varies across Steps communities, a substantial proportion of high school students engage in behaviors that place them at risk for chronic disease. PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION: Steps Program staff at the national, tribal, state, and local levels will use YRBSS data for decision making, program planning, and enhancing technical assistance. These data will be used to focus existing programs on activities with the greatest promise of results, identify opportunities for strategic collaboration, and identify and disseminate lessons learned. SN - 1545-8636 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17318115/Youth_risk_behavior_surveillance__selected_steps_communities_2005_ L2 - https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss5602a1.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -