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The associations between current recommendation for physical activity and cardiovascular risks associated with obesity.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2008 Jan; 62(1):1-9.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine associations between current recommended physical activity levels and body mass index (BMI) with some cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), non-HDL-cholesterol (non-HDL-C), C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, and blood pressure), general health score (GHQ12) and predicted coronary heart disease (CHD) risk.

DESIGN

Further analysis of the cross-sectional Scottish Health Survey 1998 data.

SUBJECTS

Five thousand four hundred and sixty adults 16-74 years of age.

RESULTS

After controlling for some confounding factors, obesity was significantly associated with higher odds ratio (OR) for elevated cholesterol, CRP, systolic blood pressure, non-HDL-C and lower HDL-C (P<0.001), and with greater predicted CHD risk compared to BMI <25 kg/m(2). Regular self-reported physical activity was associated with smaller OR of lower HDL-C and higher CRP, and average predicted 10-year CHD risk in obese subjects, but did not eliminate the higher risk of the measured CVD risk factors in this group. The OR of these two risk factors were still high 4.39 and 2.67, respectively, when compared with those who were inactive with BMI <25 kg/m(2) (P<0.001). Those who reported being physically active had better GHQ scores in all BMI categories (P<0.001).

CONCLUSION

Reporting achievement of recommended physical activity levels may reduce some CVD risk factors, predicted CHD risk and improve psychosocial health, but may not eliminate the extra risk imposed by overweight/obesity. Therefore, increasing physical activity and reducing body weight should be considered to tackle CVD risk factors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Nutrition and Biochemistry Department, School of Public Health, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17342166

Citation

Akbartabartoori, M, et al. "The Associations Between Current Recommendation for Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Risks Associated With Obesity." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 62, no. 1, 2008, pp. 1-9.
Akbartabartoori M, Lean ME, Hankey CR. The associations between current recommendation for physical activity and cardiovascular risks associated with obesity. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2008;62(1):1-9.
Akbartabartoori, M., Lean, M. E., & Hankey, C. R. (2008). The associations between current recommendation for physical activity and cardiovascular risks associated with obesity. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 62(1), 1-9.
Akbartabartoori M, Lean ME, Hankey CR. The Associations Between Current Recommendation for Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Risks Associated With Obesity. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2008;62(1):1-9. PubMed PMID: 17342166.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The associations between current recommendation for physical activity and cardiovascular risks associated with obesity. AU - Akbartabartoori,M, AU - Lean,M E J, AU - Hankey,C R, Y1 - 2007/03/07/ PY - 2007/3/8/pubmed PY - 2008/3/25/medline PY - 2007/3/8/entrez SP - 1 EP - 9 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 62 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between current recommended physical activity levels and body mass index (BMI) with some cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), non-HDL-cholesterol (non-HDL-C), C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, and blood pressure), general health score (GHQ12) and predicted coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. DESIGN: Further analysis of the cross-sectional Scottish Health Survey 1998 data. SUBJECTS: Five thousand four hundred and sixty adults 16-74 years of age. RESULTS: After controlling for some confounding factors, obesity was significantly associated with higher odds ratio (OR) for elevated cholesterol, CRP, systolic blood pressure, non-HDL-C and lower HDL-C (P<0.001), and with greater predicted CHD risk compared to BMI <25 kg/m(2). Regular self-reported physical activity was associated with smaller OR of lower HDL-C and higher CRP, and average predicted 10-year CHD risk in obese subjects, but did not eliminate the higher risk of the measured CVD risk factors in this group. The OR of these two risk factors were still high 4.39 and 2.67, respectively, when compared with those who were inactive with BMI <25 kg/m(2) (P<0.001). Those who reported being physically active had better GHQ scores in all BMI categories (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Reporting achievement of recommended physical activity levels may reduce some CVD risk factors, predicted CHD risk and improve psychosocial health, but may not eliminate the extra risk imposed by overweight/obesity. Therefore, increasing physical activity and reducing body weight should be considered to tackle CVD risk factors. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17342166/The_associations_between_current_recommendation_for_physical_activity_and_cardiovascular_risks_associated_with_obesity_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602693 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -