[Laparoscopic resection with primary anastomosis in Hinchey stages I and II without previous abscess drainage].Chirurg. 2007 May; 78(5):454, 456-60.C
Intra-abdominal abscesses in diverticulitis so far have been drained percutaneously until the acute inflammation subsides and colon resection can be carried out for restoration of continence. However this method is successful in only about half of patients and lavage lasts for 2 to 3 weeks. Therefore it has to be decided whether an early operation without prior interventional drainage can attain results similar to those of the elective operation.
We performed primary laparoscopic surgery without prior interventional drainage or colon lavage in 72 patients in Hinchey stages I and II within 12 h of hospital admission. The peri- and postoperative processes were analyzed prospectively using 115 parameters.
There was no difference in the postoperative course of patients receiving elective surgery for recurrent diverticular disease and those undergoing surgery for acute diverticulitis (Hinchey stages I and II). The rates of surgical and general complications were identical (7.7% vs 9.6% and 9% vs 3.6%, respectively). Wound infections were noted in 7.7% and 7.2%, respectively. No case of anastomotic leakage was observed.
Based on our prospective data (grade of evidence II), we consider laparoscopic sigmoid resection with primary anastomosis (in continuity) in Hinchey stages I and II without prior interventional drainage and colon preparation to be justified.