Lipoprotein lipase activator ameliorates the severity of dietary steatohepatitis.Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 Apr 27; 356(1):53-9.BB
Dietary model of steatohepatitis was established by feeding mice a methionine choline deficient (MCD) diet. Mice on MCD or control diet for 3 weeks were treated with or without NO-1886, a newly synthetic lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activator. In a separate experiment, NO-1886 was given after pre-treatment with 3 weeks of MCD diet. NO-1886 significantly reduced MCD-induced inflammation by repressing levels of hepatic lipid peroxides and pro-inflammatory tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). In addition, NO-1886 dampened hepatic steatosis via accelerating fatty acid oxidation caused by enhanced expression of PPARalpha, cytochrome P450-10 (Cyp4a10), and Acyl-CoA oxidase (ACO). It failed to regulate genes of fatty acid uptake and synthesis pathways. In conclusion, NO-1886 ameliorated and induced regression of experimental steatohepatitis via increasing endogenous LPL activation resulting in suppression on pro-inflammatory factors and reduction of hepatic fatty acids. These findings indicate that NO-1886 is a potential therapeutic agent for steatohepatitis.