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Consumption of 'extra' foods by Australian children: types, quantities and contribution to energy and nutrient intakes.
Eur J Clin Nutr 2008; 62(3):356-64EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To measure the types and quantities of energy-dense, nutrient-poor 'extra' foods consumed by Australian children and adolescents and their contribution to total energy and nutrient intakes.

DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS

We used data from 3007 children, aged 2-18 years, who participated in the nationally representative 1995 National Nutrition Survey. Intake was determined by 24-h recall and 'extra' foods were defined using principles outlined in the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating (AGHE) and by applying cut points for maximum amounts of fat and sugar within each food category.

RESULTS

All children (99.8%) consumed at least one 'extra' food and the most commonly consumed were margarine, sugar-sweetened soft drinks, cordials and sugar. 'Extra' foods contributed 41% of daily energy intake. Those foods contributing most to energy intake were fried potatoes (4.2%), sugar-sweetened soft drinks (3.3%), ice cream/ice confection (3.1%) and cordials (2.7%). Age and sex were important determinants of 'extra' food intake, with males and older children generally consuming more and different types of, 'extra' foods than females and younger children. 'Extra' foods contributed 19% protein, 47% total fat, 47% saturated fat, 54% sugar, and approximately 20-25% of selected micronutrients to the diet. Calcium and zinc intakes from core foods were below 70% of the recommended dietary intakes for adolescent girls.

CONCLUSIONS

'Extra' foods are over-consumed at two to four times the recommended limits and contribute excessively to the energy, fat and sugar intakes of Australian children, while providing relatively few micronutrients. This is of concern in terms of children's weight and nutrient status.

Authors+Show Affiliations

New South Wales Centre for Public Health Nutrition, University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia. a.rangan@mmb.usyd.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17356553

Citation

Rangan, A M., et al. "Consumption of 'extra' Foods By Australian Children: Types, Quantities and Contribution to Energy and Nutrient Intakes." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 62, no. 3, 2008, pp. 356-64.
Rangan AM, Randall D, Hector DJ, et al. Consumption of 'extra' foods by Australian children: types, quantities and contribution to energy and nutrient intakes. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2008;62(3):356-64.
Rangan, A. M., Randall, D., Hector, D. J., Gill, T. P., & Webb, K. L. (2008). Consumption of 'extra' foods by Australian children: types, quantities and contribution to energy and nutrient intakes. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 62(3), pp. 356-64.
Rangan AM, et al. Consumption of 'extra' Foods By Australian Children: Types, Quantities and Contribution to Energy and Nutrient Intakes. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2008;62(3):356-64. PubMed PMID: 17356553.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Consumption of 'extra' foods by Australian children: types, quantities and contribution to energy and nutrient intakes. AU - Rangan,A M, AU - Randall,D, AU - Hector,D J, AU - Gill,T P, AU - Webb,K L, Y1 - 2007/03/14/ PY - 2007/3/16/pubmed PY - 2008/7/2/medline PY - 2007/3/16/entrez SP - 356 EP - 64 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 62 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To measure the types and quantities of energy-dense, nutrient-poor 'extra' foods consumed by Australian children and adolescents and their contribution to total energy and nutrient intakes. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS: We used data from 3007 children, aged 2-18 years, who participated in the nationally representative 1995 National Nutrition Survey. Intake was determined by 24-h recall and 'extra' foods were defined using principles outlined in the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating (AGHE) and by applying cut points for maximum amounts of fat and sugar within each food category. RESULTS: All children (99.8%) consumed at least one 'extra' food and the most commonly consumed were margarine, sugar-sweetened soft drinks, cordials and sugar. 'Extra' foods contributed 41% of daily energy intake. Those foods contributing most to energy intake were fried potatoes (4.2%), sugar-sweetened soft drinks (3.3%), ice cream/ice confection (3.1%) and cordials (2.7%). Age and sex were important determinants of 'extra' food intake, with males and older children generally consuming more and different types of, 'extra' foods than females and younger children. 'Extra' foods contributed 19% protein, 47% total fat, 47% saturated fat, 54% sugar, and approximately 20-25% of selected micronutrients to the diet. Calcium and zinc intakes from core foods were below 70% of the recommended dietary intakes for adolescent girls. CONCLUSIONS: 'Extra' foods are over-consumed at two to four times the recommended limits and contribute excessively to the energy, fat and sugar intakes of Australian children, while providing relatively few micronutrients. This is of concern in terms of children's weight and nutrient status. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17356553/Consumption_of_'extra'_foods_by_Australian_children:_types_quantities_and_contribution_to_energy_and_nutrient_intakes_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602720 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -