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Safety of various methods of intensive insulin therapy in hospital condition assessed by hypoglycaemic episodes detected with the use of continuous glucose monitoring system.
Adv Med Sci. 2006; 51:133-6.AM

Abstract

PURPOSE

The aim of the study was to determine the safety of three intensive insulin therapy methods: multiple daily insulin injections (MDI), continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) and continuous intravenous insulin infusion (IVII) used in poorly controlled type 2 diabetic patients in hospital condition. The safety of these intensive insulin therapy methods was measured by the assessment of number and duration of symptomatic and symptomfree hypoglycaemic events with use of Continuous Glucose Monitoring System (CGMS, Medtronic MiniMed).

MATERIAL AND METHODS

The study comprised 90 type 2 diabetic patients treated with conventional insulin therapy based on a twice daily injections with mean glucose profile values > 14 mmol/l. The patients were randomized into three groups according to the method of insulin treatment. The first group was treated with MDI, the second group with CSII and the third with IVII. The glucose monitoring with the use of CGMS lasted 48 hours and was conducted on the second and on the third day of intensive insulin therapy. Glucose level below 3.5 mmol/l were recognized as hypoglycaemic episode. Intensive insulin treatment was continued until "near normoglycaemia" (glucose levels 4.5-10.0 mmol/l) was achieved and then conventional insulin therapy was readministrated.

RESULTS

Mean number of symptomatic hypoglycaemic events detected with CGMS was two times higher for MDI than for IVII (p = 0.04) and for CSII (p = 0.04). Number of symptomfree hypoglycaemic events detected with CGMS was higher for MDI than for IVII and CSII, but the differences were insignificant (NS). Mean duration of one symptomfree hypoglycaemic event detected with CGMS was longer in MDI than in CSII (p = 0.02) and IVII (p = 0.03). It was not observed significant differences in mean duration of one symptomatic hypoglycaemic episode between studied groups (NS).

CONCLUSIONS

The results of study suggest that CSII and IVII treatment is associated with essentially lower number of symptomatic hypoglycaemic events and shorter mean duration of one symptomfree hypoglycaemic event than MDI.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Interventional Cardiology, Cardiodiabetology and Cardiac Rehabilitation, Medical University of Lódź ul. Wyszyńskiego 25a/4, 94-047 Lódź, Poland. mozdzanm@poczta.onet.plNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17357293

Citation

Mozdzan, M, et al. "Safety of Various Methods of Intensive Insulin Therapy in Hospital Condition Assessed By Hypoglycaemic Episodes Detected With the Use of Continuous Glucose Monitoring System." Advances in Medical Sciences, vol. 51, 2006, pp. 133-6.
Mozdzan M, Ruxer J, Loba J, et al. Safety of various methods of intensive insulin therapy in hospital condition assessed by hypoglycaemic episodes detected with the use of continuous glucose monitoring system. Adv Med Sci. 2006;51:133-6.
Mozdzan, M., Ruxer, J., Loba, J., Siejka, A., & Markuszewski, L. (2006). Safety of various methods of intensive insulin therapy in hospital condition assessed by hypoglycaemic episodes detected with the use of continuous glucose monitoring system. Advances in Medical Sciences, 51, 133-6.
Mozdzan M, et al. Safety of Various Methods of Intensive Insulin Therapy in Hospital Condition Assessed By Hypoglycaemic Episodes Detected With the Use of Continuous Glucose Monitoring System. Adv Med Sci. 2006;51:133-6. PubMed PMID: 17357293.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Safety of various methods of intensive insulin therapy in hospital condition assessed by hypoglycaemic episodes detected with the use of continuous glucose monitoring system. AU - Mozdzan,M, AU - Ruxer,J, AU - Loba,J, AU - Siejka,A, AU - Markuszewski,L, PY - 2007/3/16/pubmed PY - 2007/7/6/medline PY - 2007/3/16/entrez SP - 133 EP - 6 JF - Advances in medical sciences JO - Adv Med Sci VL - 51 N2 - PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to determine the safety of three intensive insulin therapy methods: multiple daily insulin injections (MDI), continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) and continuous intravenous insulin infusion (IVII) used in poorly controlled type 2 diabetic patients in hospital condition. The safety of these intensive insulin therapy methods was measured by the assessment of number and duration of symptomatic and symptomfree hypoglycaemic events with use of Continuous Glucose Monitoring System (CGMS, Medtronic MiniMed). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised 90 type 2 diabetic patients treated with conventional insulin therapy based on a twice daily injections with mean glucose profile values > 14 mmol/l. The patients were randomized into three groups according to the method of insulin treatment. The first group was treated with MDI, the second group with CSII and the third with IVII. The glucose monitoring with the use of CGMS lasted 48 hours and was conducted on the second and on the third day of intensive insulin therapy. Glucose level below 3.5 mmol/l were recognized as hypoglycaemic episode. Intensive insulin treatment was continued until "near normoglycaemia" (glucose levels 4.5-10.0 mmol/l) was achieved and then conventional insulin therapy was readministrated. RESULTS: Mean number of symptomatic hypoglycaemic events detected with CGMS was two times higher for MDI than for IVII (p = 0.04) and for CSII (p = 0.04). Number of symptomfree hypoglycaemic events detected with CGMS was higher for MDI than for IVII and CSII, but the differences were insignificant (NS). Mean duration of one symptomfree hypoglycaemic event detected with CGMS was longer in MDI than in CSII (p = 0.02) and IVII (p = 0.03). It was not observed significant differences in mean duration of one symptomatic hypoglycaemic episode between studied groups (NS). CONCLUSIONS: The results of study suggest that CSII and IVII treatment is associated with essentially lower number of symptomatic hypoglycaemic events and shorter mean duration of one symptomfree hypoglycaemic event than MDI. SN - 1896-1126 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17357293/Safety_of_various_methods_of_intensive_insulin_therapy_in_hospital_condition_assessed_by_hypoglycaemic_episodes_detected_with_the_use_of_continuous_glucose_monitoring_system_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/diabetesmedicines.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -