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Dietary patterns of cats with cardiac disease.
J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007 Mar 15; 230(6):862-7.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine nutrient intake and dietary patterns in cats with cardiac disease.

DESIGN

Prospective study.

ANIMALS

95 cats with congenital cardiac disease or primary cardiomyopathy.

PROCEDURES

Owners completed a standardized telephone questionnaire regarding their cat's diet and a 24-hour food recall to determine daily intake of calories, fat, protein, sodium, magnesium, and potassium.

RESULTS

Of the 95 cats, 18 (19%) had a history of congestive heart failure and 73 (77%) had no clinical signs of cardiac disease. Fifty-five percent (52/95) of cats had concurrent disease. Inappetance was reported in 38% (36/95) of all cats and in 72% (68/95) of cats with a history of congestive heart failure. Most (57% [54/95]) cats received treats or table scraps on a regular basis. Approximately half the cats were receiving orally administered medications, supplements, or both. Only 34% (32/68) of owners used food to administer medications to cats. Cats consumed more than the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) minimums for protein, sodium, potassium, and magnesium, and nearly all cats consumed more than the AAFCO minimum for fat. Daily nutrient intake was variable for all of the nutrients assessed.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Dietary intake in cats with cardiac disease was variable, but results for dietary supplement use, food use for medication administration, and treat feeding were different from those found in a similar study of dogs with cardiac disease. This information may be useful for treating and designing nutritional studies for cats with cardiac disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Sciences, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA 01536, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17362160

Citation

Torin, Danielle S., et al. "Dietary Patterns of Cats With Cardiac Disease." Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, vol. 230, no. 6, 2007, pp. 862-7.
Torin DS, Freeman LM, Rush JE. Dietary patterns of cats with cardiac disease. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007;230(6):862-7.
Torin, D. S., Freeman, L. M., & Rush, J. E. (2007). Dietary patterns of cats with cardiac disease. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 230(6), 862-7.
Torin DS, Freeman LM, Rush JE. Dietary Patterns of Cats With Cardiac Disease. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007 Mar 15;230(6):862-7. PubMed PMID: 17362160.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary patterns of cats with cardiac disease. AU - Torin,Danielle S, AU - Freeman,Lisa M, AU - Rush,John E, PY - 2007/3/17/pubmed PY - 2007/4/18/medline PY - 2007/3/17/entrez SP - 862 EP - 7 JF - Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association JO - J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. VL - 230 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine nutrient intake and dietary patterns in cats with cardiac disease. DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: 95 cats with congenital cardiac disease or primary cardiomyopathy. PROCEDURES: Owners completed a standardized telephone questionnaire regarding their cat's diet and a 24-hour food recall to determine daily intake of calories, fat, protein, sodium, magnesium, and potassium. RESULTS: Of the 95 cats, 18 (19%) had a history of congestive heart failure and 73 (77%) had no clinical signs of cardiac disease. Fifty-five percent (52/95) of cats had concurrent disease. Inappetance was reported in 38% (36/95) of all cats and in 72% (68/95) of cats with a history of congestive heart failure. Most (57% [54/95]) cats received treats or table scraps on a regular basis. Approximately half the cats were receiving orally administered medications, supplements, or both. Only 34% (32/68) of owners used food to administer medications to cats. Cats consumed more than the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) minimums for protein, sodium, potassium, and magnesium, and nearly all cats consumed more than the AAFCO minimum for fat. Daily nutrient intake was variable for all of the nutrients assessed. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Dietary intake in cats with cardiac disease was variable, but results for dietary supplement use, food use for medication administration, and treat feeding were different from those found in a similar study of dogs with cardiac disease. This information may be useful for treating and designing nutritional studies for cats with cardiac disease. SN - 0003-1488 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17362160/Dietary_patterns_of_cats_with_cardiac_disease_ L2 - http://avmajournals.avma.org/doi/full/10.2460/javma.230.6.862?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -