[Shifting to subcutaneous infusion of apomorphine in advanced Parkinson's disease patients on an out-patient basis: experience and recommendations].Neurologia. 2007 Apr; 22(3):133-7.N
Shifting from oral medication to continuous subcutaneous infusion of apomorphine (CSIA) in Parkinson's disease (PD) may be complicated. It is unclear whether hospitalization is necessary.
To observe efficacy and side effects in advanced PD patients shifting to CSIA managed as out-patients with hospital-based support.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
CSIA was started on 7 PD patients with uncontrollable on-off fluctuations on a waiting list for surgery. Two patients were initially admitted to hospital, all others being managed as out-patients. Awake off time was assessed with daily charts and motor function with UPDRS subscale and a scale for dyskinesias severity. Appropriate scales were applied for mood changes, neuropsychiatric complications and quality of life measures. Apomorphine dosage and oral antiparkinsonian medication were adjusted daily (mean: 6.1 days) according to motor responses. Follow-up visits were scheduled at 3 and 6 months. Patients were offered phone calls, unprogrammed visits, and 24 hours neurological care if required.
All patients required phone calls (mean, 4.4), but unprogrammed visits were rare (1.5). Off-time was reduced in the overall group by a 68.1 %. Co-medication with levodopa was necessary in all patients, but all other antiparkinsonian medications could be discontinued.
Shifting from oral dopaminergic therapy to CSIA is safe and effective in advanced PD managed on an out-patient basis in a hospital-based setting providing that daily in-person evaluation is available during the first week and follow-up by phone calls thereafter.