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Urinary excretion of thromboxane and prostacyclin metabolites during chronic low-dose aspirin: evidence for an extrarenal origin of urinary thromboxane B2 and 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha in healthy subjects.
Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992 Feb 03; 1133(3):247-54.BB

Abstract

In vivo biosynthesis of thromboxane and prostacyclin is currently evaluated by measuring urinary excretion of selected metabolites. Urinary thromboxane B2 (TXB2) and 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha (6-keto-PGF1 alpha) (non-enzymatic hydrolysis products of thromboxane and prostacyclin) are thought to derive from renal biosynthesis of the parent compounds, while enzymatic metabolites such as 2,3-dinor-TXB2 and 2,3-dinor-6-keto-PGF1 alpha appear to be mainly derived from systemic (platelet) thromboxane and (vascular) prostacyclin, respectively. Using immunoaffinity extraction and high-resolution gas chromatography-negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry (HRGC-NICIMS), we measured the paired excretion of non-enzymatic and enzymatic metabolites of thromboxane and prostacyclin in healthy subjects before, during and after an eight-day schedule of oral low-dose aspirin (30 mg/day), a treatment known to inhibit platelet and perhaps vascular but not renal cyclooxygenase. Low-dose aspirin cumulatively reduced urinary excretion of TXB2 and 2,3-dinor-TXB2 (about 80% inhibition on day 8 of aspirin treatment, P less than 0.01), as well as 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and 2,3-dinor-6-keto-PGF1 alpha (about 45% inhibition on day 8 of aspirin treatment, P less than 0.01). Excretion of all metabolites recovered slowly after aspirin withdrawal. Urinary PGE2, taken as an index of renal cyclooxygenase activity, was not inhibited by aspirin. A highly significant correlation was found between paired excretion values of non-enzymatic vs. enzymatic metabolites of thromboxane and prostacyclin in all individuals studied (TXB2 vs. 2,3-dinor-TXB2 (r = 0.91 +/- 0.03); 6-keto-PGF1 alpha vs. 2,3-dinor-6-keto-PGF1 alpha (r = 0.92 +/- 0.06], irrespective of aspirin treatment. TXB2/2,3-dinor-TXB2 and 6-keto-PGF1 alpha/2,3-dinor-6-keto-PGF1 alpha mean ratios remained unchanged throughout the experiment. These data do not support the view that urinary TXB2 and 6-keto-PGF1 alpha derive mainly from renal biosynthesis in healthy subjects, but rather suggest that they may represent a fraction of systemic (platelet) thromboxane and (vascular) prostacyclin escaping metabolism. These data also suggest that chronic low-dose aspirin may partly inhibit vascular prostacyclin in addition to platelet thromboxane biosynthesis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milano, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1737057

Citation

Chiabrando, C, et al. "Urinary Excretion of Thromboxane and Prostacyclin Metabolites During Chronic Low-dose Aspirin: Evidence for an Extrarenal Origin of Urinary Thromboxane B2 and 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 Alpha in Healthy Subjects." Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta, vol. 1133, no. 3, 1992, pp. 247-54.
Chiabrando C, Rivoltella L, Martelli L, et al. Urinary excretion of thromboxane and prostacyclin metabolites during chronic low-dose aspirin: evidence for an extrarenal origin of urinary thromboxane B2 and 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha in healthy subjects. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992;1133(3):247-54.
Chiabrando, C., Rivoltella, L., Martelli, L., Valzacchi, S., & Fanelli, R. (1992). Urinary excretion of thromboxane and prostacyclin metabolites during chronic low-dose aspirin: evidence for an extrarenal origin of urinary thromboxane B2 and 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha in healthy subjects. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta, 1133(3), 247-54.
Chiabrando C, et al. Urinary Excretion of Thromboxane and Prostacyclin Metabolites During Chronic Low-dose Aspirin: Evidence for an Extrarenal Origin of Urinary Thromboxane B2 and 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 Alpha in Healthy Subjects. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992 Feb 3;1133(3):247-54. PubMed PMID: 1737057.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Urinary excretion of thromboxane and prostacyclin metabolites during chronic low-dose aspirin: evidence for an extrarenal origin of urinary thromboxane B2 and 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha in healthy subjects. AU - Chiabrando,C, AU - Rivoltella,L, AU - Martelli,L, AU - Valzacchi,S, AU - Fanelli,R, PY - 1992/2/3/pubmed PY - 1992/2/3/medline PY - 1992/2/3/entrez SP - 247 EP - 54 JF - Biochimica et biophysica acta JO - Biochim Biophys Acta VL - 1133 IS - 3 N2 - In vivo biosynthesis of thromboxane and prostacyclin is currently evaluated by measuring urinary excretion of selected metabolites. Urinary thromboxane B2 (TXB2) and 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha (6-keto-PGF1 alpha) (non-enzymatic hydrolysis products of thromboxane and prostacyclin) are thought to derive from renal biosynthesis of the parent compounds, while enzymatic metabolites such as 2,3-dinor-TXB2 and 2,3-dinor-6-keto-PGF1 alpha appear to be mainly derived from systemic (platelet) thromboxane and (vascular) prostacyclin, respectively. Using immunoaffinity extraction and high-resolution gas chromatography-negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry (HRGC-NICIMS), we measured the paired excretion of non-enzymatic and enzymatic metabolites of thromboxane and prostacyclin in healthy subjects before, during and after an eight-day schedule of oral low-dose aspirin (30 mg/day), a treatment known to inhibit platelet and perhaps vascular but not renal cyclooxygenase. Low-dose aspirin cumulatively reduced urinary excretion of TXB2 and 2,3-dinor-TXB2 (about 80% inhibition on day 8 of aspirin treatment, P less than 0.01), as well as 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and 2,3-dinor-6-keto-PGF1 alpha (about 45% inhibition on day 8 of aspirin treatment, P less than 0.01). Excretion of all metabolites recovered slowly after aspirin withdrawal. Urinary PGE2, taken as an index of renal cyclooxygenase activity, was not inhibited by aspirin. A highly significant correlation was found between paired excretion values of non-enzymatic vs. enzymatic metabolites of thromboxane and prostacyclin in all individuals studied (TXB2 vs. 2,3-dinor-TXB2 (r = 0.91 +/- 0.03); 6-keto-PGF1 alpha vs. 2,3-dinor-6-keto-PGF1 alpha (r = 0.92 +/- 0.06], irrespective of aspirin treatment. TXB2/2,3-dinor-TXB2 and 6-keto-PGF1 alpha/2,3-dinor-6-keto-PGF1 alpha mean ratios remained unchanged throughout the experiment. These data do not support the view that urinary TXB2 and 6-keto-PGF1 alpha derive mainly from renal biosynthesis in healthy subjects, but rather suggest that they may represent a fraction of systemic (platelet) thromboxane and (vascular) prostacyclin escaping metabolism. These data also suggest that chronic low-dose aspirin may partly inhibit vascular prostacyclin in addition to platelet thromboxane biosynthesis. SN - 0006-3002 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1737057/Urinary_excretion_of_thromboxane_and_prostacyclin_metabolites_during_chronic_low_dose_aspirin:_evidence_for_an_extrarenal_origin_of_urinary_thromboxane_B2_and_6_keto_prostaglandin_F1_alpha_in_healthy_subjects_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/0167-4889(92)90044-C DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -