Rapid effects of the intravenous injection of a medium-chain triglyceride: fish oil emulsion on the triglyceride fatty acid pattern of soleus muscle from omega3 fatty acid-depleted rats.Horm Metab Res. 2007 Mar; 39(3):202-6.HM
Second generation rats depleted in long-chain polyunsaturated omega3 fatty acids display several features of the metabolic syndrome, including visceral obesity, liver steatosis, insulin resistance, hypertension, and cardiac hypertrophy. In the framework of an extensive study on such metabolic, hormonal and functional perturbations, the phospholipid fatty acid pattern and ex vivo metabolism of D-glucose were recently investigated in the soleus muscle of these omega3-depleted rats. The present study deals with the triglyceride fatty acid content and pattern of the soleus muscle in control animals and omega3-depleted rats. Some of the latter rats were injected intravenously 60-120 minutes before sacrifice with either an omega3 fatty acid-rich medium-chain triglyceride/fish oil emulsion (omega3-FO rats) or a control medium-chain triglyceride/olive oil emulsion (omega3-OO rats). The total fatty acid content of triglycerides was comparable in control and omega3-depleted rats and, in both cases, inversely related to their C20:4omega6 relative content. At variance with the situation found in control rats, no long-chain polyunsaturated omega3 fatty acid (C18:3omega3, C20:5omega3, C22:5omega3, C22:6omega3) was detected in the omega3-depleted rats. Unexpectedly, the triglyceride content in most long-chain polyunsaturated omega6 fatty acids (C18:2omega6, C20:3omega6, C20:4omega6 and C22:4omega6) had also decreased in the latter rats. Moreover, the activity of Delta9-desaturase was apparently increased in the omega3-depleted rats, as judged from the C16:1omega7/C16:0 and C18:1omega9/C18:0 ratios. The omega3-FO rats differed from omega3-OO rats by a lower contribution of C18:2omega6 metabolites (C18:3omega6, C20:3omega6, C20:4omega6 and C22:4omega6). These findings indicate that the prior injection of the medium-chain triglyceride/fish oil emulsion, known to increase the muscle phospholipid content in long-chain polyunsaturated omega3 fatty acids, may nevertheless accentuate the depletion in long-chain polyunsaturated omega6 fatty acids otherwise found in the triglycerides of omega3-depleted rats. Such a dual effect is reminiscent of that observed, under the same experimental conditions, for selected variables in D-glucose metabolism in the soleus muscle.